Q 32

If the probability associated with the calculated or observed value of the test statistic (TS _{CAL})is greater than the level of significance (α), the null hypothesis is rejected.

Q 33

If the calculated value of the test statistic is less than the critical value of the test statistic (TS _{CR}), the null hypothesis is rejected.

Q 34

In tests of associations, the null hypothesis is that there is no association between the variables (H_{0}:......is NOT related to....).