Smaller Hippocampal Volume in Depressed Individuals Has Been Linked to
Smaller hippocampal volume in depressed individuals has been linked to
A) cortisol hypersecretion.
B) reduced cortisol secretion.
C) positive feedback excitation of the HPA axis.
D) acute stress.
E) reduced ACTH secretion from the pituitary gland.
It has been found that when depressed patients respond to antidepressant medication, they also
A) experience less slow-wave sleep.
B) spend more time in REM sleep.
C) show an increase in rapid eye movements.
D) return to normal levels of REM sleep.
E) spend almost no time in REM sleep .
Depressed individuals have been shown to have increased activity in the ___________ leading to continuous processing of negative emotional information.
C) cingulated cortex
E) pituitary gland
One explanation as to why women are more often diagnosed with depression than men is that
A) they are more willing to seek for their symptoms.
B) they also show more symptoms associated with bipolar disorder than do men.
C) in many cultures women experience role strain.
D) the HPA axis is less active in women than it is in men.
E) women report higher levels of stressful life events than men.