According to Labelling Theory, Identifying Someone as Having a Disorder
According to labelling theory, identifying someone as having a disorder
A) can lead to the perception by others that the labelled person is dysfunctional and different.
B) is an important first step for the person so labelled in seeking the proper type of treatment for their disorder.
C) typically has little significance in the way of proper treatment.
D) does not lead to unwarranted expectations by others about the person labelled.
E) is important because it leads to the proper treatment.
With respect to gender differences in the diagnosis of personality disorders, Pantony and Caplan (1991) point out that
A) men and women are equally likely to be diagnosed with dependent personality disorder.
B) men and women are equally likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
C) men are more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and women more likely to be diagnosed with dependent personality disorder.
D) gender does not appear to play role in the development of any particular personality disorder.
E) men are more likely to be diagnosed with dependent personality and women more likely to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
Which of the following reasons was NOT suggested by the text to potentially account for the finding that people who were aggressive or psychotic were far more likely to be identified among the poor than the middle class?
A) Dysfunctional people gravitate to the lower end of the socioeconomic spectrum.
B) Being poor produces higher levels of stress, and therefore higher rates of psychological dysfunction are to be expected.
C) More acceptable diagnoses are reserved for people from the upper classes.
D) Poorer people typically have genetic predispositions toward mental illnesses.
E) The resentment at being poor may generate behaviours that are seen by others as antisocial or dysfunctional.
Which integrative theory posits that the whole is more than the sum of its parts?
A) the diathesis-stress perspective
B) systems theory
C) the combination approach
D) the biopsychosocial model
E) social-learning theory