Which interest rate is most relevant in determining aggregate expenditures?
A) federal funds rate
B) short-term real interest rate
C) long-term nominal interest rate
D) long-term real interest rate
The MP curve represents
A) the Fed's monetary policy actions in setting a target for the federal funds rate.
B) the relationship between the money supply and the price level.
C) a relationship between the real interest rate and manufacturing production.
D) the relationship between real interest rates and potential GDP.
All of the following help provide the basis for the Fed controlling the real interest rate in the IS-MP model EXCEPT
A) the Fed controls the federal funds rate through open market operations.
B) if expected future inflation remains stable, changes in nominal interest rates reflect changes in real interest rates.
C) short-term and long-term interest rates tend to move together.
D) the Fed's increased use of TIPS in conducting monetary policy.
In the IS-MP model,when the Fed increases the real interest rate
A) the MP curve shifts up resulting in a decline in the output gap.
B) the MP curve shifts up resulting in an increase in the output gap.
C) the MP curve shifts down resulting in a decline in the output gap.
D) the MP curve shifts down resulting in an increase in the output gap.