1.49.Which of the following is a reason frequently given by scientists to explain the much higher rate of eating disorders among females?
A)Women are much more likely than men to base self-image on body image.
B)Men are not concerned about appearance.
C)Men do not have to be concerned about the cultural image of good looks.
D)Women do not tend to judge men based on appearance.
1.50.Although it is certainly an unusual source of data for researchers,some have looked at Playboy centerfolds and Miss America Beauty pageant contestants.How is this research relevant to eating disorders?
A)The emphasis on thinness is a relatively recent phenomenon in the last 20 years.
B)These women's facial features indicated they had dieted beyond the point of medical safety.
C)Between 1959 and 1988,their ratio of weight to height for these groups declined dramatically.
D)In their interviews,almost all of these women gave subtle clues suggesting they were in deep conflict concerning weight control.
1.51.A cross-cultural researcher is investigating the relationship between body weight and wealth in Third World countries.Which of the following is most likely to summarize the relationship?
A)There is no relationship between body weight and wealth.
B)There is a strong positive relationship between body weight and wealth.
C)There is a strong negative relationship between body weight and wealth.
D)It is the same as the relationship found in industrialized nations.
1.52.Your friend is a whiz when it comes to maps.He decides to create a computerized map showing the countries where eating disorders are likely to occur.He asks you for assistance in creating this visual image.What will you tell him?
A)These disorders occur in nearly all societies.
B)These disorders occur only in the United States and Canada.
C)These disorders occur in cultures with small population growth.
D)These disorders occur almost exclusively in North America,Europe,and industrialized Asian countries.