William Chambliss Studied How the Biases of Police and Community
William Chambliss studied how the biases of police and community members affected their reactions to and treatment of middle- and lower-class delinquents,and how the behavior and appearance of the delinquents themselves determined what kind of treatment they received.The two groups of adolescents under investigation were called the "__________" and the "__________."
Official arrest rate data show that lower socioeconomic status group members are more likely to be involved in crimes.The chief reason for this appears to be that __________.
A)police are assigned to lower-income communities in greater numbers,so there is a tendency for police records to show higher crime rates for those communities
B)poverty is the most important cause of crime
C)the criminal justice system is run by nonminority individuals who do not arrest and prosecute members of their own groups
D)there are biological characteristics which minorities possess that lead them to commit crime
E)minority group members commit most crimes
__________ studies of crime ask respondents to report their own criminal involvement through an anonymous questionnaire.
Which of the following is a major finding of self-report studies on the amount of crime?
A)Official statistics of the FBI are quite accurate.
B)More crime is committed by poor people than by the well-to-do.
C)Whites and nonwhites have similar rates of criminal activity.
D)The chances of being a victim of a criminal act are quite small.
E)Most people do not violate the criminal law in their lifetimes.