More than 40 years ago, sociologist Walter Miller identified the unique conduct norms that help define lower-class culture. Miller referred to them as focal concerns. Discuss these focal concerns.
The theory of delinquent subcultures and the theory of differential opportunity both look at youth gang activity. What are the similarities and differences between the two perspectives?
Albert Cohen first articulated the theory of delinquent subculture in his classic 1955 book, Delinquent Boys. Discuss the basic assumptions of this theory. Do you agree with Cohen's assumptions? Why or why not?