Which of the Following Reasons for Choosing Non-Pharmacological Treatments Is
Which of the following reasons for choosing non-pharmacological treatments is NOT supported by clinical observations or research?
A) Increased renal clearance in older persons can increase drug tolerance
B) Polypharmacy is an issue for many older persons
C) Older people actually prefer psychotherapy for treatment of depression
D) Drug interactions can have unknown and dangerous consequences for older persons
E) ECT often has undesirable side effects
All of the following statements are true regarding the use of ECT among older adults with depressive disorders EXCEPT
A) serious complications such as cardiorespiratory problems may result.
B) ECT appears more effective with older than younger adults.
C) physicians are generally recommended to consider other treatments.
D) it can result in short-term transient memory problems.
E) due to the problems, ECT is less likely to be used to treat older adults.
The diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia include all of the following EXCEPT
A) The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition.
B) Main complaint is difficulty falling or staying asleep, for at least one month.
C) There is significant distress or impairment in some area of functioning.
D) Sleep disturbance is frequently accompanied by nightmares which cause nighttime awakening.
E) The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of another mental disorder.
Sleeping patterns often change in older adults. All of the following are considered changes EXCEPT
A) circadian rhythms change.
B) changes in the organization of sleep stages.
C) less synchronous Stage 2 EEG activity.
D) decreases in total sleep time.
E) increases in the length of REM periods.