In a Study Conducted Employing Cold Viruses, Cohen, Tyrrell, and Smith
In a study conducted employing cold viruses, Cohen, Tyrrell, and Smith (1993) discovered that subjects with higher perceived stress and negative affect were
A) more likely to have died after a five-year follow-up study.
B) more likely to show "hard" immune system changes.
C) less likely to recover within a 5-day period.
D) more likely to develop another more debilitating illness.
E) less likely to show clinical evidence of a cold.
According to Alexander (1950) the role psychological factors might play in the development of ulcers is
A) unconscious conflict creates neuronal death in the hypothalamus.
B) certain personality types are prone to overeating causing medical problems.
C) lowered immune function as a result of stress allows for bacterial infection.
D) an unsatisfied desire for love results in an overactivity in the digestive system.
E) stress decreases the effectiveness of the mucosal stomach lining.
A study on predictability conducted by Weiss (1970) discovered a relationship between
A) rats shocked after being provided with a warning tone showed the same ulceration as rats that did not receive a warning stimulus.
B) rats shocked after being provided with a warning tone showed ulceration much higher than shocked rats without a warning and unshocked rats.
C) rats shocked after being provided with a warning tone showed ulceration only slightly higher than shocked rats.
D) shocked rats did not show a great deal of ulceration.
E) rats shocked and provided with a warning tone showed greater ulceration than unshocked rats.
A study on controllability by Weiss (1971) discovered that
A) rats who could control the stressor suffered the same level of ulceration as rats who could not control the stressor.
B) rats who could not exercise control over the stressor did not show any levels of ulceration.
C) shocked rats did not show a great deal of ulceration.
D) rats who could exercise control over the stressor suffered milder ulceration than rats who could not control the stressor.
E) rats who could control the stressor had higher levels of ulceration than those who could not control the stressor.