A nurse is caring for a non-English-speaking Asian patient whose cultural practices are not familiar to the nurse. The nurse is curious about practices regarding communication and eye contact. The nurse should: A) tell the patient that it is cultural practice in the United States to maintain good eye contact when communicating with someone. B) observe the behaviors and interactions between the patient and other members of the culture. C) avoid all eye contact unless the patient establishes eye contact. D) use eye contact and communication techniques that are most comfortable for the nurse.
B Telling the patient what U.S. practices are will not be helpful in assessing the patient's cultural values regarding eye contact. Avoiding eye contact may not be appropriate for interactions with some patients. The nurse should attempt to adapt communication to the patient's communication style.