The fate of the defeated Confederate leaders was that A) most were sentenced to prison for life. B) several were executed for treason. C) after brief jail terms, all were pardoned in 1868. D) they were immediately returned to citizenship and full civil rights. E) many went into exile in slaveholding Brazil.
In the postwar South A) the economy and social structure was utterly devastated. B) the emancipation of slaves had surprisingly little economic consequence. C) the much-feared inflation never materialized. D) industry and transportation were damaged, but Southern agriculture continued to flourish. E) poorer whites benefited from the end of plantation slavery.
At the end of the Civil War, many white Southerners A) came to view secession and the Civil War as a tragic mistake. B) were ready to plan a future uprising against the United States. C) declared themselves citizens of their states but not of the United States. D) enthusiastically adopted the federal government in Washington, D.C. as "our government." E) still believed that their view of secession was correct and their cause was just.