Which of the Following Is Not a Characteristic of a Formal
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a formal organization?
A) Social statuses and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.
B) Norms governing social relationships specify the members' rights.
C) The social structure is informal and contingent upon the members' experiences.
D) A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are "in charge."
E) Norms governing social relationships specify the members' duties and sanctions.
A voluntary association is a formal organization that is
A) founded by individuals who are not paid for their experience.
B) created by commonly held values of public good.
C) formed by people who share common interests.
D) shaped by individuals' interests in "doing good."
E) created by people who share a common set of interests and who do not get paid for their participation.
The United Way,the Green Party and the National Rifle Association are examples of
B) formal groups.
C) reference groups.
D) voluntary associations.
E) voluntary groups.
Which of the following is not one of the four types of voluntary associations?
A) groups with a charitable purpose
B) groups with a bureaucratic purpose
C) groups that focus on political issues
D) groups that organize around occupations
E) groups that focus on leisure activities