Grace and Mia are "friends" on facebook.com.They have only met once,but frequently post messages on each other's "wall." Grace and Mia,along with their other "friends," form a
A) reference group.
B) social group.
D) primary group.
E) social network.
A _____ is a complex and structured secondary group that is deliberately created to achieve a specific goal in an efficient manner.
A) primary group
B) secondary group
C) formal group
D) formal organization
E) primary organization
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a formal organization?
A) Social statuses and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.
B) Norms governing social relationships specify the members' rights.
C) The social structure is informal and contingent upon the members' experiences.
D) A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are "in charge."
E) Norms governing social relationships specify the members' duties and sanctions.
A voluntary association is a formal organization that is
A) founded by individuals who are not paid for their experience.
B) created by commonly held values of public good.
C) formed by people who share common interests.
D) shaped by individuals' interests in "doing good."
E) created by people who share a common set of interests and who do not get paid for their participation.