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A 3-Day-Old Boy Is in the Nursery for Routine Evaluation

Question 453
Multiple Choice
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Multiple Choice

A 3-day-old boy is in the nursery for routine evaluation.  He is breastfed exclusively and is passing adequate urine and stool.  He was born to a 22-year-old African American woman with an unremarkable prenatal course.  Prenatal laboratory studies showed a maternal blood type O positive.  The infant was delivered by repeat cesarean section at 39 weeks gestation, and his blood type is O positive.  A transcutaneous bilirubin level obtained at 24 hours of life was 3.4 mg/dL, which was considered low risk.  He has a healthy older sister who did not have jaundice in the newborn period.  Vital signs are normal.  Physical examination shows jaundice extending from the head to the thighs.  The lungs are clear to auscultation.  Abdominal examination reveals no tenderness, distension, or organomegaly.  Laboratory results from 72 hours of life are as follows: img Direct Coombs test is negative.  Serum bilirubin repeated 4 hours later is 20 mg/dL, and phototherapy treatment is initiated.  Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

A)ABO incompatibility
B)Biliary atresia
C)Breast milk jaundice
D)Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
E)Physiologic jaundice

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