The distinctively carved stone pillars used to mark the tombs of Axum kings are known as A) stelae. B) mansa. C) sasa. D) zamani. E) ziggurats.
African culture A) is notable for its use of bards to retain and spread communal history and religious beliefs. B) rapidly did away with bards once the Arabic and Swahili languages were established. C) never used the storytelling talents of women to spread and perpetuate knowledge and beliefs. D) used only wooden carvings for religious purposes, reserving terra-cotta and metal objects for secular occasions. E) was never subject to outside influences.
Which of the following is a true statement about African building materials during the first millennium C.E.? A) Stone was increasingly used in West Africa during in the first millennium C.E. B) The only construction material used during that period was dried mud. C) Mosques were always constructed of wood. D) The heavy use of mortar was predominant in buildings constructed at Great Zimbabwe. E) Metal became an important building material as early as 1000 B.C.E.
Recent archeological and anthropological discoveries have shown that A) Africans took over the Arabian Peninsula before 1,000 B.C.E. B) African societies were much more involved in worldwide developments of human history than had previously been believed. C) the process of state-building was more advanced in sub-Sahara Africa than it was in ancient India, China and Mesopotamia. D) farming and kingship were concepts brought into Africa from Mesopotamia. E) Africa was totally isolated from the rest of the world until the tenth century C.E.