Quiz 16: Drugs and Crime

Criminal Justice

According to criminal law, a drug is any chemical material distinct at social convention as psychoactive or bioactive. The role that social convention plays in determining what constitutes a prohibited substance is given below : The social convention plays a key role in defining drug legality. Example : Marijuana was obtainable in the twentieth century, and it was not against the law. Social convention also explains what is acceptable, such as alcohol.

"The government efforts are not sufficient to eradicate the usage of drugs" Explanation: It is extremely complicated to evaluate success on the drug usage, but some people might assume that the arrangement is being very effective at prosecuting, arresting, and incarcerating drug use offenders but has been ineffective in preventing actual drug practices. The major issue that influences the level of accomplishment is the requirement of sufficient funding and also availability of funds for some type of strategies such as enforcement at the expenditure of other strategies such as treatment.

A study on the history of drug abuse in America reveals that several substances considered illegal at present have been utilized for a variety of purposes. For example : • Marijuana was imported from Mexican immigrants into the country and was criminalized quickly. • Morphine was broadly prescribed and used by physicians. • Opium was made available in the medicines of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. • Psychiatric disorder patients were given treatment with LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide). • Cocaine was used to prepare beverages and medicine. The few important federal drug control legislations are given below : • Narcotic control act (1956) : The act improved the penalties for drug trafficking, possession, and made the sale of heroin to people less than 18 years of age as a capital crime. • Marijuana tax act (1937) : The act placed a tax amount of $100 per ounce on cannabis. • Boggs act (1951) : The act made marijuana and other drugs federally illegal restricted substances. • Drug-free communities act (1997) : This act offered support to society to minimize substance abuse among youth. • Antidrug abuse act (1988): The act formed a cabinet level post, enlarged penalties for leisure drug users, denied national benefits to convict drug offenders, and incorporated the possibility of the capital punishment for drug-related murders.