Quiz 12: Probation, Parole, and Reentry

Criminal Justice

Probation : A prison sentence that is suspended is known as probation. The following are the history and purpose of probation : • In fourteen century, English court entrusted prisoners to willing citizens based on their good behavior. • Late 1700, in Boston, prisoners were taken home by J.A as an alternative to incarceration • Later, Massachusetts authorized the city of Boston to hire a salaried probation officer. • Places such as Rhode Island, Vermont, and Missouri started following the probation practice. • By the end of nineteenth century, probation was widely accepted in all states. • Many foreign nations have adopted approaches based on the U.S prototype.

The significance of the concept prisoner reentry hold for the current correction administrators is given below: Prisoner reentry is the present exhortation among corrections administrator, but in several ways, it does not vary drastically from parole. The main objective of both is the return of imprisoned offender back into the society. It is an important issue because use of incarceration has been increased over the last 25 years. The concept has little importance for the correction administration, although one might hope that the objective of imprisonment is to best organize the offender for the successful reentry, the objective of the correction institution is safety and security. For society, the prisoner reentry is of more significant, if the offenders successfully reenter the society; hence, the community safety develops.

Parole : Early release after the offender serves at least part of a sentence in prison is known as parole. The following are the major dissimilarities between probation and parole : Probation is a method of criminal sentence that allows the offenders to stay in the public environment instead of serving time in jail surroundings. The defendant is set to be free as long as conditions of the probation are being satisfied. Parole is the supervised release of a prisoner from a prison term. The defendant is set free from jail into the public surroundings before the nature conclusion of the original prison terms as sentenced. The following are the conditions in which parole and probation are alike : Both parole and probation impose on condition on offenders, and if an offender fails to abide by the conditions, then the offender's parole and probation can be revoked.