Quiz 8: Policing: Issues and Challenges

Criminal Justice

Police working personality: The working personality of police includes all features with traditional values and behavioral patterns exhibited by experienced police officers who have been successfully socialized into the police subculture. The working personality of police often extends to his personal life. The general characteristic of the police working personality include: • Authoritarianism • Secretiveness • Conservatism • Aggression • Individualism • Loyalty • Suspicion • Efficiency • Honor • Prejudice The appropriate working personality of an A police officer is developed through association with veteran associates of the department and also from informal socialization. Hiring, training, practices, interaction with officers, supervisors and citizens are the issues that impact the socialization process. One of the results of this socialization process is working personality.

Additional characteristics of police personality: The list provided in this chapter regarding police personality is comprehensive and comprises all rudiments that the existing research identifies as important for all officers. One issue that might rise is the generalization of the characteristics to all officers, whereas in real world, the character of each officer differs from one another. In a specific agency, there would be individuals with diverse working personalities based on their unit assignments, demographic characteristics or their job position. The chances for the police chiefs to have similar working personalities with the homicide detective are higher. So, the classification of characteristics must be majorly based on the position instead of other factors.

Types of police corruption: The level of corruption in police ranges from minor to serious infringements of the law. Some of the examples would be taking bribes, accepting gratuities, refusing civil rights, playing favorites, committing crime, and more. For example, "Barker and Carter" distinguish between misuse of authority and occupational deviance. The "Knapp Commission report" distinguishes between grass eaters and meat eaters. Both the "Wickersham and Knapp Commissions" found existence of the infamous "blue wall" which is a causative factor in police corruption. The acceptance among police officers to put up with the corrupt action known to them instead of reporting it confuses most of the observers. Another important subject is that when large amount of money is been offered as bribe, the police officers tend to get tempted and give up their morale. That is not an act expected from a person at that position. The key player in the illegal liquor trade during prohibition amassed such sums. Some of the money are used to corrupt some of the law enforcement officers. Similar to crime, corruption can never be eliminated. Human beings are flawed by nature; the chance for them to behave below expectation is higher. However, department leaders can provide and implement ethics training so as to minimize corruption. The formal and informal leaders within the police ranks can create a culture where the action that decreases the value of the group is seriously dealt.