Quiz 7: Policing: Legal Aspects
Legal restrains on police action: Legal restrains on police will help to ensure freedom for individual in our society. The public can safeguard them from illegal searches and seizures which imply that the police must have probable cause so as to secure a warrant. In case of the evidence being illegally seized, it cannot be submitted as evidence in criminal trials. In addition, in case the court finds that the evidence seized after or from the prior illegally seized evidence, the evidence will be excluded. The recent case of " Sean Bell, Amadou Diallo, Abner Louima and Rodney King highlight abuses that have been perpetrated by police ".
Bill of rights: The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, which are deemed vital for dealing with criminal defendants is collectively called Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights is necessary to ensure that the practices of the police occur within the boundaries of law. The fifth, sixth, and the fourteenth amendments require the due process, making it necessary for the officials to value the privileges of the accused. The critical applications of these ideas to policing are in the areas of search and seizure, interrogation, and arrest.
Bill of rights and legal restrains: The bill of rights and legal restrains demonstrates that police are not higher than the law. A police officer must gather evidence so as to arrest a suspect, and it must be performed within the margins of the Fourth Amendment. The suspects will be released in case the police officers have not followed the law. The officers cannot arrest the suspect without proper reason, thus restraining the chances for the police to use arrest as a tool to pressurize innocent people. The Fifth Amendment limits the procedures in interrogation process of the police. Police are also not allowed to make use of physical force or any other type of coercion. Such rights are reserved to democracy so as to safeguard personal freedom.