Criminal Justice Today
Quiz 5 :
Historical development of "American policing": The " American policing" was shaped by unique factors, including huge span of uncharted western territory, population, and their wealth. The major factor of consideration for policing was the frontier as it was unsettled and wild. The law and order was initiated by the citizen posse and groups of vigilante. Structured legal enforcement occurred in large cities. Policing in large cities was same as the British model, Para-military organization structure, uniformed police officers, and more focus on preventing crime. Finally, with the cultural and technological changes in the society created equal alterations in the American policing. Impact of prohibition era on the "American policing" development: Prohibition resulted in a complete failure in America. It also impacted on policy creating corruption and graft opportunities. " Wickersham Commission " established guidelines that impact on major enforcement of legal aspects after reviewing the problems that had occurred.
Reasons for establishing various law enforcement agencies in U.S are listed below: • The complexity of legal enforcement reflects on the multifaceted democratic system of the U.S. establishing more agencies. • The defective strength of centralized power later brought segregation of states and municipality with required powers. • The diversity among the densely populated urban to rural settings has created different types of legal enforcement models. The policing structure heads to frequent alterations due to: • Vital role of federal agencies • Economical disturbances • Multiple jurisdictions Problems created by these agencies: • American legal professional function in a complex organization and are proud to accomplish those extremely difficult tasks. • The achievements are responsible for more competent performance often unrewarding and risky tasks carried out by the dedicated group of men and women. • They possess an ability to protect us from stress, emotional disorder, fluctuating tactical, legal, and administrative regulations with high commitment. • The reality is that the complex structure of the organization creates confusing jurisdictional disputes, limited fund, political manipulation, ego contests, efforts duplication, impenetrable bureaucracy, and greater inefficiency. Hence, America can create a unique police force for the country that might overtake all multiple agencies and serve the society better in eliminating problems.
Three levels of enforcing public law: The three levels of legal enforcement in the U.S. They are as follows: 1. Federal level 2. State level 3. Local level The legislative and jurisdictional limits on the responsibilities of investigation agencies and technical specialization of other agencies clarify existence of wide variety public law enforcement agencies.