Contemporary Nutrition Study Set 2
Quiz 11 :
Disordered eating is referred to as mild or short term changes in the eating patterns that occur due to an ill health or for a competition or due to a stressful event. This is not a serious issue, if controlled or else it may lead to malnutrition and nutritional problems. This disordered eating leads to weight gain or weight loss. Hence, the correct option is a.Eating disorder is a serious issue that is mostly linked with the psychological changes. This is caused due to stress, extreme concern about the body shape and size. Examples: Anorexia nervosa, binge eating, bulimia nervosa. Size acceptance is a social movement regarding acceptance of fat people socially equal. Muscular dysmorphia is an eating disorder that is usually regarded as the reverse anorexia. In this the person believes that he is too thin and takes lots of protein food and does over exercise to gain heavy muscles. Hence, the options (b), (c) and (d) are incorrect.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is predominantly seen in women and exhibits three criteria, namely, an extreme weight loss, a distorted body image, and a constant fear of weight gain. It is estimated that anorexia nervosa affects 0.8% of American women. Individuals affected by anorexia nervosa show typical characteristics. These individuals repeatedly deny their appetite. Consequently, they appear to be extremely low, around 85% less, in weight when compared to other individuals of their age and sex. A BMI of less than 17 is common amongst the affected individuals. A close examination of their behavioral pattern reveals an irrational fear of obesity despite their thin physique. They have a very distorted body image and express disgust and obsession with certain parts of their body like thighs and buttocks. Anorexia nervosa may begin as simple exercise of weight loss. Increased focus on the activity combined with other experiences may lead to taking up extreme measures. Comments from friends and family regarding weight gain, stress of looking attractive at a job, difficult break-up, abusive experiences, and other such experiences might lead the individual to improve one's appearance to avoid similar instances in future. However, when these issues remain unresolved by psychological help, the focus and involvement in losing weight increases because the individuals start believing it as the only thing that could be under their control. This leads to abnormal self-perceptions and eating habits which blow up full-scale into a disorder, anorexia nervosa.
Eating disorder is a serious issue that is mostly linked with the psychological changes due to inadequate or excess consumption of the food. This is caused due to stress, extreme concern about the body shape and size by social abuses, genetical factors. Examples of eating disorders are as follows: Anorexia nervosa, binge eating, and bulimia nervosa, etc.For example, Anorexia nervosa is a self-induced starvation; it is mostly prevalent in Caucasian females. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by binging and purging, resulting in an excessive food intake. Thus, people with bulimia nervosa generally have body weights at or above average for their height. Hence, the correct option is (d) all of the above.