Quiz 12: Education and Religion

Sociology

In every country, education and religion are closely linked, because to teach science and religion, education is the medium. Public schools in the U.S. are governed by a set of curriculum, and curriculum is set by a group of qualified people. The stakeholders of education, i.e. parents, teachers, students, religious leaders, curriculum makers, etc. have different aims, goals and interests while participating in the educational process. Many a time, the goals and interests of these groups, conflicts with each other. For example theory of evolution is in conflict with the Christian belief of creation and the creator.

Family is the foundation of society and a nation, because every child socializes with the family first.  Children grow up interacting with the family members, and families influence values, beliefs and attitudes of their children, directly and indirectly. Parents directly teach their children values, such as what is right and wrong, religious orientation, social skills, compliance to common rules and expectations of the society. Indirectly, parents influence children by examples. Children observe their parents behavior and mime it while taking decisions, making choices and judging situations. The moral and ethical foundations are laid in the family before school environment influences a child.

Civil religion is the implicit values followed the citizens of a nation, often expressed through common rituals, symbols (such as monuments, national flag, anthem, etc.) and ceremonies during occasions of national importance. Civil religion is different from theistic religions, though many aspects of traditional religions are incorporated into the civil practices. The research project in civil religion will attempt to observe the everyday rituals, references and practices associated with the nation, in schools. Since, civil religion is a collection of national symbols, documents, dogmas, holidays monuments, and emotional expressions, the incidence of reference to these entities will be enumerated. The daily rituals and practices in the schools will be observed and enumerated on the basis of influence from civil religion. Some of the indicators of the civil religion to be included in the research projects are given below. • Holidays of national importance • Presence of national flag in the school campus • Pictures of national leaders in the school campus • Quotes from important documents such as Constitution displayed in the campus • Content analysis of the speeches made by school representative during public functions • Common phrases and terms used by the students and teachers that are linked to national heritage The data collected in the above mentioned indicators will be used further analysis.