Quiz 11: Families and Intimate Relationships
As per the student of sociology, an ideal family consist of parents, siblings, and grandparents, living together, understanding each other thoroughly, helping one another, loving each other and respecting each one's character. A family must have people of four generations at least, i.e. Elderly, middle aged, young and children. Of course there are advantages and disadvantages to this ideology. The ideal family described above can be viewed through different perspectives of the sociological theories. Some of the major theoretical perspectives are provided below. • Functionalist approach: The ideal family provides support and stability to the individuals born in the family. Because of the intimate bonding, people of all generations are cared. • Conflict perspective: Because many people are living together in the ideal family, with love and affection, there may be equality within the family, but equitable sharing of burdens may be absent. Some members may revolt against the inequities in the family. • Feminist approach: Depending on the values, beliefs and legacy of the family, the ideal family may treat both genders equally or differently. • Symbolic Interaction view: Family itself is a status symbol; the legacy, history, and glory of the family feeds the prestige of the individuals in the family. Having large family contributes to the self esteem and honor of the family members. Family can be viewed in different perspectives, and the sociological theories provide the frameworks to perceive the institution of family.
Since love and marriage is characterized by serious and committed relationship, perceptions about them need to be studied with prudence. Committed relationships such as marriage progress in a pattern, there may be stages for the romantic relationships. The first stage may be getting to see and know the person, second developing the desire to be intimate, third committing to lead a life together, and finally to carry on with one's dreams and challenges of life together. As the relationship changes from introductory stage to more intimate levels, in a complex manner, the researcher must employ effective research techniques. Longitudinal study with structured in-depth interview would be apt for studying the perceptions about the conjugal relationships..
Most of the American families have dual career i.e. both the parents of the child are employed. Because of employment and career pressures, the parents have to enroll their children in the day care institutions. But, most of the child care centers are not adequate enough to provide care for the children. Two of the major issues related to child care quality are given below. • The child care professionals are poorly trained, and underpaid. • Enough inspectors to check the quality of care centers are not available with the state regulators. The following steps may be taken by the government to improve the quality of the child care in the US. • First step in improving the quality of the professionals in child care is to develop Child care professional development institutes to provide, training, workshops and certifications. • Only trained and certified professionals should be employed in the child care institutions. • A trained child care professional must upgrade his/her certification every three to five years. • School teachers must be trained to audit the child care centers, and every year a teacher must audit at least one care center. The best investment a country can make is caring the young citizens and shaping them to be healthy individuals of the society. Creating a robust child care system ensures healthy citizens of the future. Irrespective of the class of the child's family, child care should be uniformly provided to all children with respect to quality.