Quiz 2: Drug Regulations
FDA stands for Food and Drug Administration that was established by PFDA of 1906 and later expanded by FDCA of 1938. The main aim and role of FDA is: • Protecting public health by safe, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs. • Speeding up the innovations to make safe, efficacy drugs and adorable drugs. • Providing the public with the scientific knowledge of the medicines and foods to improve the health.
Drug is the thing that acts on the certain organs and lowers the pain or the disease. Pharmacology as the name indicates it is the study of the medicines or the drug. It includes the administration of the drug, its action on a certain organ, their response and the amount of the drug to be administered for better results. The two basic types of drugs are the therapeutic classification and the pharmacological classification. Therapeutic classification deals with the type of drug that is being administered to treat the disease whereas the pharmacological classification deals with the action of the drug. Oxcarbazepine is drug that is mainly used to treat neurological disorder called the epilepsy. It is an anticonvulsant means it works by slowing abnormal nerve impulses in the brain. Hence it is placed under pharmacological classification. Ponatinib is an oral drug for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CNL) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This is a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor so placed under pharmacological classification.
OTC refers to over the current drugs. These are the drugs that do not need a prescription and also called the self-prescription drugs. These drugs are taken in case of mild illness.OTC drugs are considered to be safe if taken according to the instructions given on it. Hence they are considered to be effective and safe if taken in correct dosage and dosage.