New Dimensions In Women's Health

Health & Kinesiology

Quiz 13 :
Interpersonal and Social Dimensions of Womens Health

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Quiz 13 :
Interpersonal and Social Dimensions of Womens Health

During pregnancy several chemicals, drugs and alcohol have detrimental effects on the developing fetus. Pregnant women abusing cigarettes, alcohol and drugs may have several complicated medical conditions. Healthy pregnancy requires absolutely no smoking. The centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) reported that smoking causes illness and death of pregnant mothers and infants. Smoking women may have late conception and can also become infertile. Smoking women may experience complications like premature rupture of membranes, early separation of placenta from uterus and blockage of cervix by placenta. Premature deliveries reported are 30% more in smoking women when compared to nonsmokers. Alcohol abuse is detrimental for both the mother and developing fetus. Excess alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) that causes growth retardation, facial malformation and dysfunction of central nervous system including mental retardation. Excess alcohol consumption affects the fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy. This may affect the developmental central nervous system. Drug abuse adversely affects the fetal development. No medication is advised during pregnancy unless suggested by clinician. Illicit drug use such as cocaine causes distress in fetus, impaired fetal growth and low birth weight. The consequences of drug abuse may be severe and even can damage brain and nervous system of fetus resulting in birth defects. Mother's smoking marijuana deliver sicker babies who are at high risk of still births. Drug use may cause disruption of normal development, mental development and learning disabilities. Therefore, pregnant women are restricted to use of tobacco, alcohol or drugs.

Admitting the bad habit or addiction to alcohol or smoking is a good sign and strength. Tobacco or alcohol affects women's health directly or indirectly. Quitting or staying away from tobacco and alcohol reduce the risk of incidence of chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and obesity etc. Reducing or having control over dosage of alcohol contributing to moderate consumption can be permitted but can be a cause of a chronic disease. Smoking causes lung cancer, asthma and other respiratory disorders. Drug abuse is dangerous because the needles shared among the abusers can be a cause of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, HSV etc.

Tobacco or alcohol affects women's health directly or indirectly. Quitting or staying away from tobacco and alcohol reduce the risk of incidence of chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and obesity etc. Reducing or having control over dosage of alcohol contributing to moderate consumption can be permitted but can be a cause of a chronic disease. Smoking causes lung cancer, asthma and other respiratory disorders. Drug abuse is dangerous because the needles shared among the abusers can be a cause of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, HSV etc. When the addicted individual does not admit about the drug or alcohol abuse she should be treated with de-addiction program. Psychotherapy, behavioral modification therapy and nutritional counseling help to the maximum extent to recover from side effects caused by drug or alcohol abuse.

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