Quiz 10: Understanding and Preventing Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

Health & Kinesiology

Physical activity is required to maintain healthy cardiovascular status. Regular activity lowers the blood pressure, reduces the body fat, maintains the cholesterol levels and reduces the stress. Other chronic conditions such as colon cancer, type II diabetes, osteoporosis and obesity stay away with regular physical activity. Therefore, the physical activity to stay healthier reduces the incidence of chronic diseases than individuals who do not have adequate activity and are at greater risk of illness. The major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases are tobacco use, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity. These risk factors can be changed to stay healthy. The unchanged risk factors include the age, family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and race. These factors contribute to CVD but are not only cause of CVD. The major risk factor of CVD in teenage is poor eating habit, weight gain and obesity. The obesity causing diabetes is a predisposing factor for CVD in teenagers. Physical inactivity is major risk in individuals of all ages.

The increased health campaigns, marathons and celebrating a special day on the name of a chronic condition proposed by WHO to stay away from it is to bring awareness among public about disease and health. Health care providers should educate females of all ages, races and economic groups about all types of chronic disease conditions. The most prevalent chronic conditions are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and obesity etc. All these conditions are predisposed by factors like poor nutrition or unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyles without physical activity. The other factors like tobacco use, hypertension, high blood cholesterol etc. promote the risk of these chronic conditions. Cancer is second leading cause of death of women in U.S. Cancer mostly affects black, white and Hispanic women and a primary cause of death in American Indian/ Alaskan native and Asian women. Women of all ages may develop cancer but most prevalent in middle and old aged women. Most cancers are diagnosed in women of age 65 or older. Breast cancer is most prevalent in United States and white and black women have high rates of death than other racial and ethnic groups. Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and skin cancer are the most prevalent type cancer that affects women. The rate of deaths of cancer varies with the race and ethnicity and also geography. White women have high rate of breast cancer while African American women have high deaths. The racial difference in cancer incidence and mortality rate depends on different factors. Early detection of cancer may have high survival rate than detection in advance stage. The cultural values and beliefs influence the ability to understand and taking initiative of prevention or medical care. Poor health knowledge and lack of awareness lead to late diagnosis and high mortality rate.

The increased health campaigns, marathons held by public health agencies and community organizations and celebrating a special day on the name of a chronic condition proposed by WHO to stay away from it is to bring awareness among public about disease and health. Health care providers should educate women of all ages, races and economic groups about all types of chronic disease conditions. The most prevalent chronic conditions are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and obesity etc. All these conditions are predisposed by factors like poor nutrition or unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyles without physical activity. The other factors like tobacco use, hypertension, high blood cholesterol etc. promote the risk of these chronic conditions. Cancer is second leading cause of death of women in U.S. Cancer mostly affects black, white and Hispanic women and a primary cause of death in American Indian/ Alaskan native and Asian women. Women of all ages may develop cancer but most prevalent in middle and old aged women. Most cancers are diagnosed in women of age 65 or older. Breast cancer is most prevalent in United States and white and black women have high rates of death than other racial and ethnic groups. Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and skin cancer are the most prevalent type cancer that affects women. Early detection of cancer may have high survival rate than detection in advance stage. Periodical screening to detect cancerous changes and monitoring reproductive health in women is essential and may helpful to detect the incidence of cancer in the early stages.