New Dimensions In Women's Health
Health & Kinesiology
Quiz 4 :
The physical, psychological, social, cultural and emotional aspects influence the sexual health and interactions between humans. The sexual health demands a positive approach to explore the sexuality, sensuality and sexual relationships that may cause pleasurable and safe sexual experience without violence. Sexual health depends on psychological and scientific perspectives. The sexual health includes the responsible sexual behavior avoiding sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, sexual abuse and or violence. Sexuality in a positive perspective is a thoughtful and respectful aspect that discusses the issues that may be difficult or not liked by people to talk openly. It is important to learn about physical and emotional aspects of sexuality of various forms of existing sexual behavior that may improve the sexual health and make the individuals to be responsible for right sexual behavior. As an individual a sexual norm is always positive when the right behavior is chosen. Addiction to drug or alcohol abuse and illegal sexual behavior with multiple partners is the major cause of STIs and a negative sexual norm that affects the individual's health. Therefore, responsibility about health and sexual behavior is mandatory for an individual to have positive influence on personality and self development.
School based sex education programs have become controversial. The federal government started the sex education in the schools by endorsing abstinence only until marriage (AOUM) and promoted such programs by funding them. The AOUM programs promoted abstinence from sexual activity with the least information about condoms and contraception. A comprehensive sexual education is necessary to promote the sexual health and parents support for such programs in public school. The AOUM education is not effective in preventing teenage pregnancies or sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, controversies arose stating that comprehensive sex education may encourage adolescents to have sex and thus should be stopped. Sex education programs with intensive understanding of positive and negative aspects of having sex in adolescence should be promoted in schools to avoid teenage pregnancies and STI. Some experts may argue that comprehensive sex education may lower the risk of pregnancies than schools promoting AOUM sex education. In the recent times the federal funding for AOUM program has been eliminated and new abstinence education programs with pregnancy prevention in teens has been launched. Several health care reforms with personal responsibility educational programs through parent - teaches, parent - child communication and relationship along with decision making has been promoted.
Sex is referred to an individual's biological status as male or female. Biological sex is the sexual remarks assigned at the time of birth basing on the external reproductive characters and internal reproductive features. Individuals realize their biological sex only at the time of puberty. Though the knowledge about biological sex appears to be since childhood but individual completely understands the biological sex concept at the time of puberty or adolescence. Gender is referred to the economic, social and cultural attributes that can provide opportunities being male or female. The gender identity contributes determination of biological sex. Thus, both are interrelated. The attitude, behavior, feelings, thoughts and actions of individual express the gender of individual either as a male, female, transgender or either. The way of clothing and behavior mainly reciprocates to the gender concept. Thus, the gender is the basis for an individual makes him/ her to realize it as own biological sex. Hence, people tend to change their physical appearance and sex through surgery depending on their gender knowledge. Sexual orientation: It is phenomenon of attraction to opposite or same sex (gay or lesbian). The sexual orientation depends on the gender as well as biological sex of an individual. The biological sex features (hormones and reproductive organs) cause instinct of attraction towards opposite sex. Though the biological sex knowledge is having since childhood, the sexual orientation knowledge develops only after puberty. A transsexual individual is a person with gender identity opposite to his or her biological sex. The transgender may be straight, gay, lesbian or bisexual. A transgender cannot be an individual with cross dressing but is a individual with gender identity disorder as classified by American Psychiatric Association. Therefore, a transgender can have a male gender identity with the person being of female sex.