Quiz 1: Introduction to Womens Health
Women's health is considered as the study of whole body. Examination of biological characteristics such as reproductive organs, differences in body structures of women, developmental changes since childhood, function of hormones, brain activity, and chemistry are mostly considered when thinking about the women's health. Women's health is concerned with factors that affect both men and women include common cold, heart diseases, depression and wellbeing of both genders in having physical fitness. Women's health also includes the study of disease, but it also examines factors that affect a woman's physical and mental-wellbeing. Women's health is also examined in the point of view of her partner's health. For example, cigarette smoke can be dangerous causing lung cancer in individuals who inhale it rather than who smoke it. Women's health should be categorized as study as a group or an individual woman. When studying about individual woman's health, then factors affecting her physical and mental health are needed to be focused. Women's health is mainly the study of pregnancy, fetal development and mother - infant interactions. Women's health should be focused in the areas of symptoms and effects of disease, the treatment available for diseases such as cancer, the risks associated with diseases such as age, gender, genetics etc. The response of woman's body structure to a specific disease, effect on organ systems, and her mental approach to fight with illness are mainly considered aspects of woman's health.
Feminism can be defined as the idea of freedom for women politically, economically and socially with equal rights and opportunities for women as same as for men. The society and culture have been influencing the women's health since ages. Women's health is also considered as the ability to achieve and get benefit from the health care. Women accessing health care have been increasing constantly since past two decades but have been in process since last two centuries. The idea of feminism has been undergoing different changes and improvements. The reduction in mortality during pregnancy and child birth had been decreased enormously with improved and advances medical facilities that contributed to gain some social rights for women. Till 1800, the mortality rate in U.S and Europe were 25 to 85 per every 1000 women during child birth. At present, the mortality rate is 13 or even low since, 19 th century. There were 10-25% child mortality had been reported during late 1800s and now it has been reduced to 0.7%. Since, 1800s the political, economical and social rights of women have been found to be increased. During early 1900s women have no right to vote and were confined to employments with low pay. But, as the time changing women have been fighting for their rights and have achieved them gradually. They achieved right of higher education, right of using birth control methods, achieved legal rights for owning a property, legal divorce or separation under unavoidable circumstances. During mid 1800s women fought for health improvement and gained medical facilities, nursing care and equal status of profession by attending medical schools and becoming medical professionals. By 1920, women achieved right of vote. For the first time, U.S constitution provided right of vote for women in 19 th amendment. In 1917, National women's party proposed the equal rights amendment. During world war II women employed in military along with men. During 1960s birth control has become a legal right of women. In 1972, U.S congress passed the equal rights amendment. During 1980s-90s biomedical research and opened wide opportunities for women to become researchers and achieved health care management. In 21 st century, women have been enrolled in human genome studies, clinical trials in drug discovery for HIV/AIDS etc. Women have more politically, socially empowered since last decade. In my view as a feminist, still, women are needed to be protected from social and domestic violence in developing countries and are to be focused for provision of health care insurance worldwide. Therefore, definition of feminism have been changing since, past two centuries and reaching heights of sky empowering women.
The women respond differently from men to various diseases and medications. Women are more prone to heart attack than men. But, women may get heart disease 10 years later than men. Women at risk to get a second attack within one year of first heart attack. Women react differently than men to drugs such as antihistamines and antibiotics. The side effects of these drugs would be severe in women than in men. Women are prone to depression severely than men because of the less production of neurotransmitter serotonin in women brain and due to this women are less likely to control the emotions. Women are likely to encounter with autoimmune diseases than men. The diseases like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus occur in women than in men. Women are at more risk to lose bone density then men and may suffer with osteoporosis. Cardiovascular damage by smoking is observed with more severity in women than in men and moreover, the withdrawal symptoms will be stronger than in men. Women are more at risk to contract sexually transmitted disease easily because of their close proximity of reproductive structures (urethra is much closer to vagina). Anesthetics have short period effects in women than in men. Women may come into conscious within 7 minutes from anesthesia, whereas men may take 11 minutes on an average. Alcoholic women do not produce enough amounts of gastric enzymes that breaks down ethanol in the stomach. The size differences in the GI tract also contribute for high alcohol content in the blood of women than in men. The pain relievers such as Kappa-opiates are more effective in women than in men.