Quiz 17: Consumer Health


Some people suffer from white coat syndrome, which is a feeling of fear that occurs while in healthcare settings that causes an increase in blood pressure. Other people are calm while they are in healthcare settings. People may mistrust practitioners as a result of mistakes made in diagnosis or treatment, feeling that the practitioner does not care, and feeling that the practitioner cares only about financial gain. People may trust practitioners as a result of feeling that the practitioner works in the best interest of the patient in regards to diagnosis and treatment and feeling good about the face-to-face relationship with the practitioner. Good communication can happen if a patient asks questions with persistent questioning employed if the medical practitioner is not forthcoming with information and if a practitioner asks the patient questions that can help him better find a solution and answers all patient questions.

There is a chromosomal abnormality seen in people with periodontal disease, people with heart disease, and people with both diseases that makes them more susceptible to the development of those conditions. Bacteria that causes periodontal disease may enter the bloodstream from the mouth, causing adverse side effects to the cardiovascular system. The bacteria may be involved in blood clot formation and in infective endocarditis and tends to be found in the arteries of people who have coronary artery disease. In addition, inflammatory mediators characteristic of periodontal disease are involved in the induction of atherosclerosis. Hence, the correct answer is(b)can lead to cardiovascular problems. Periodontal disease results from an accumulation of harmful bacteria in response to the frequent presence of carbohydrate-containing food in the mouth. The potential for accumulation can be reduced through regular brushing of the teeth and flossing of the teeth. Hence, the option(a)results from poor eating habits is incorrect. Early-stage periodontal disease can be prevented by flossing the teeth and brushing the teeth on a daily basis. These activities remove the bacteria that causes plaque formation and the plaque itself. Hence, the option(c)in its early stage can be prevented by brushing alone is incorrect. When the amount of bacteria in the oral cavity increases at the same time that disease-causing bacteria becomes more numerous than harmless bacteria, plaque, which causes periodontal disease, forms eventually from the increase in the mass of the bacteria and in the thickness of the bacteria that occurs. The toxins emitted by plaque cause an immune response characterized by inflammation, swelling, change of gum color to bright red or to purple, bad breath, and bleeding gums while flossing or brushing. These symptoms can be seen in periodontal disease. Hence, the option(d)is caused by a variety of bacteria and viruses is incorrect.

There is no answer for this question