Quiz 12: Addictions


The friend could be told that the long-term effects of amphetamines use are malnutrition, rapid weight loss, chronic sleeping problems, increased risk of heart attack, increased risk of heart failure, reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to infections, dental problems, kidney failure, violence, panic, confusion, depression, paranoia, anxiety, increased risk of stroke, muscle rigidity, tension, breathlessness, heart muscle damage, poor memory, and confusion and that use of amphetamines can eventually lead to death. Potential resources for dealing with her drug problems are drug counselors, psychologists, and Narcotics Anonymous meetings. She can utilize a job search utility to find a job that allows her adequate time for education and for work without provoking tiredness.

When a person uses addictive drugs, the reward system of the brain becomes overloaded with dopamine. The effect of this action is a feeling of euphoria. Because the reward system rewards natural behaviors, the overstimulation changes the functioning of the brain to cause the behavior to become repeated. Also contributing to compulsion is damage to areas of the brain dealing with judgment, decision making, memory, learning, and behavior control resulting from the drug use. Hence, the correct answer is(b)have a compulsion to use one or more addictive substances. There is a relationship between the duration of use of a drug and the development of physical dependence. Substance use disorders tend to develop with long-term drug use. Hence, the option(a)are usually not physically dependent on their drug of choice is incorrect. As part of the state of physical dependence, a drug user develops tolerance to a drug. As a result, the user needs to use higher amounts of the drug to receive the same sense of euphoria. Hence, the option(c)require less and less of the preferred drug to achieve the desired effect is incorrect. Withdrawal symptoms happen only when a user stops using the drug or when a user reduces the amount of the drug used. Hence, the option(d)suffer withdrawal symptoms when they use the drug regularly is incorrect.

A potential benefit of governmental regulation of the Internet is decreases in areas such as fraud, defamation, child pornography, piracy, email spamming, human trafficking, plagiarism, and terrorist activity. Consequences of governmental regulation are a restricted flow of information, a restricted exchange of information, increases in the likelihood that those who commit abuse and/or illicit activity will operate in secret, the use of proxy servers to access blocked content, and weakening of global connections. Potential methods of addressing problems with buying drugs online are requiring online pharmacies to obtain a credential from a professional organization and allowing the stock of an online pharmacy to be inspected periodically by a professional organization.