The following chart describes the organization structure of company Y.
In this organization, the difficulty of the manager's job does not have a clear cut relationship with his span of control. For example, the span of control of the VP of Human Resources is only one person, while the span of control of the VP of Operations is three people, yet the difficulty of both of these manager's jobs is about equivalent. While the VP of Operations oversees the technical work carried out by the engineers below him, the Senior Manufacturing Engineer does most of the training of the other engineers, thus the VP of Operations does not have to worry much about training personnel. On the other hand, the Assistant HR VP is quite inexperienced, thus the VP of Human Resources often has to step-in in overseeing the work of the lower level HR employees.
The advantages of keeping the business as a sole proprietorship are that the income will only be taxed twice, that the owner will be in complete control of the business, and that there are fewer laws and regulations affect sole proprietorships. The disadvantages of keeping the business as a sole proprietorship are that the owner will have full liability for any debts the business incurs, that the owner cannot go to the public to raise funds via selling equity of the business, and that if the owner dies, the business will cease to exist.
The most probable changes in an organizational structure brought about by an information revolution would be a reduction in the levels of management in a company along with an increase in the span of control of upper level management. The information revolution would decrease the need for a multi-layered chain of command because there would be increase in the ability of the lower echelons of the company to relay information to top management. In a traditional setting, the purpose of the middle levels of the company was to process information and to inform the top levels of the company. Thus, the information revolution would result in a flatter organizational structure.