Managing Engineering and Technology Study Set 1

Business

Quiz 2 :

Historical Development of Engineering Management

Quiz 2 :

Historical Development of Engineering Management

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Summarize the contributions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers to the dissemination of better methods of (production) shop management. What does this say about your need as an engineer to be active in at least one professional society?
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The contribution made by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers to the dissemination of better methods of production could be the following:
• The society acted as a forum for engineers and engineering managers to present their ideas about scientific management particularly focusing on shop management.
• This organization served as a formal body in allowing professionals to discuss academic papers and exchange opinions. Both academics and industry professionals had submitted their research papers and findings to ASME. Following which, the organization allowed the knowledge to be disseminated among other engineers and professionals. This helped in providing an early form of peer review.
• The existence of the formal body which is dedicated to the pursuits of engineering greatly helped in coming up with more solid body of knowledge with respect to shop management.
The historical example of ASME provides a practical reason as to why all engineers should be part of at least one professional society. The engineers can learn from the latest academic and industrial findings by taking part in these societies. Moreover, it would help in improving the performance in their respective positions.

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The development of cotton and woolen mills in the mill cities of England, and later New England, caused tremendous sociological change as potential workers (especially women) swarmed from rural areas to the growing industrial cities. Cite examples of similar occurrences in more recent times in developing countries.
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The rise of electronic consumer product factories in industrial regions in China has led to a similar movement of workers from rural areas to the city in modern times. Another example of this occurrence is the emergence of oil extraction and refinery in Venezuela in the 1950's. This development led to a migration of workers from rural areas to urban areas.

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As made clear in this chapter, engineers and engineer managers have made strong contributions to management theory and practice. List the engineers and engineer managers identified in this chapter together with their contributions, and add any others you may know
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The following table lists the engineers and engineering managers along with their contributions:
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Why was the Venetian development of double-entry bookkeeping so important to the development of management?
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Stones for the pyramids were quarried far to the south (upstream on the Nile River) and were brought downstream on rafts only during the spring flood of the Nile. Discuss some of the planning and organizational implications of this immense logistic effort.
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Matsushita emphasized the residual disadvantages to the United States of the teachings of Frederick Taylor. Discuss the positive contributions made by Taylor and his contemporaries in the scientific management movement.
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The essence of the Relay Assembly Test Room Experiments at the Hawthorne Works was that expected correlations between productivity and physical factors such as rest periods were not demonstrated. What other factors could explain the regular productivity increases observed in these experiments?
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What was the lasting significance of the Sumerian priests' need to maintain a permanent record of temple property (which they did on clay tablets)?
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Read at least part of In Search of Excellence , and elaborate on one significant finding of Peters and Waterman.
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What was the positive value of Max Weber's model of "bureaucracy"?
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