Quiz 40: Environmental Law


Case synopsis: Mr. T has decided to ship some of the hazardous chemicals to his home in Country P. He packed up the chemicals and sent it through his driver without informing him about the chemicals. Violation of U.S. law: It is found that Mr. T has violated "The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act." He has acted illegally by transporting the hazardous wastes without the knowledge of his driver. The act of Mr. T has been unlawful and hence he has been convicted for the illegal transportation of hazardous wastes. Penalties that might be faced by Mr. T: The penalty that can be given to Mr. T is that he can be sued under the criminal penalties of "The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act." The punishment may extend up to an imprisonment of few years based on the worth of the hazardous waste that has been transported.

The following are the things that Mr. X is willing to do: • Mr. X wants to drive a fuel efficient car which is smaller in size and lighter in weight. • Mr. X feels that every individual must use the public transportation vehicles or bike for a shorter distance. • Cleanliness in home and recycling of wastes must be taken care. This might lead to the abolition of wastes in and around the house. • Mr. X wants each and every individual to clean up their home and their surroundings thereby saving the cost of cleanup and taxes.

Clean air act: The clean air act requires the industries to keep the air clean and healthy for the people to breathe in properly. There are many industries that pollute the air in a large scale that does not give out good smell and hence the air pollution act bans such industries. Case synopsis: Mr. X, the manager of an industry that is going to produce hummers that require a special paint. The protective paint reacts with chemicals and forms pollution. Requirement of clean air act: Clean air act requires the industry to obtain permission which ensures the pollution will not affect the people. Also, the area will meet the national ambient air quality. Hence, Option img is correct. Option A is incorrect as the clean air act does not require the industry to reduce other emissions in which the pollutants are considered to be the same. Option B is incorrect as the clean air act does not require the providence of analysis that displays the benefits of outweigh costs. Option D is incorrect as obtaining the certificate of prevention of significant deterioration (PSD) is not sufficient.

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