It being the source for information technology has provided a means to reach distance with different services and applications. Communication technology has brought the world under the fingertip, as information can be transferred and downloaded with a click on applications.
The communication technologies are not invasive by design. It has provided various advantages like distance education, videoconferencing, etc. The disadvantage of communication technology is completely based on people usage. It creates a problem of information privacy, and is controllable only based on ethical aspects of people using it.
Law greatly has a role to play, but the problem can be solved only when people respond positively towards the usage of communication technologies.
Amendments are made by the constitutions to prohibit unreasonable searches and seizures. It is applicable to certain parties which includes government workers. Even though there is a problem, as it threats the privacy and personal interests of the public. The law possesses the complete authority to fix the menace of privacy invasion by technologies and also ability to suit the offenders to court.
C Inc. provides online tracking tools on websites. If a consumer does not want to be tracked by the company, then they can click the "Opt-out" button. However, this works only for 10 days and it automatically starts tracking from the 11 th day.
Legal problem with the system of C Inc.:
There is a legal problem with the system of C Inc.'s tracking tools. The problem of the consumer is that they might forget to click the "Opt-out" button for every 10 days so that the system tracks the day when the consumer does not really wants to be tracked.
The legal problem is an ethical problem because the company should provide the service of tracking only when the consumer needs it. However, the company tracks the consumer by default, which violates the consumer's personal freedom.
The life principles operating in the ethics:
The life principle operated in the situation is as follows:
• Protection of individual's rights
• Protection of personal information of the individual
• The company must provide only the service asked by the consumer. It must not provide any services by default.
Ms. MS used the laptop given by her company for her personal use. That is, she used it for communicating with her lawyer. The company says that the laptop should be used only for office purpose and occasionally it can be used for personal purposes.
Ms. MS filed a lawsuit against her employer and hence the company hired an expert to access her mail conversations.
Protection of electronic mails by attorney-client privilege:
The electronic mails are supposed to be protected by the attorney-client privilege, as it is considered as the personal information of an individual. Reading the confidential mail conversations of an individual is said to be illegal.
Difference of the case from S versus B:
In the case of S versus B, the company gives clear notification to the employees that all the things done with the laptop will be monitored and it must be used only for company's purposes. But in the case of Ms. MS, the organization says that the laptop can be used occasionally for personal purposes.