Environmental Science Study Set 5

Environmental Science

Quiz 6 :

The Human Population and Urbanization

Quiz 6 :

The Human Population and Urbanization

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List three reasons why you (a) enjoy living in a large city, (b) would like to live in a large city, or (c) do not wish to live in a large city.
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There are fowling reasons why people enjoy in large city.
• Transportation facilities, Innovation.
• Education, technology advantage and job.
• Recycling cause of large high concentration.
There is following reason why people do not enjoy in large cities.
• Lot of population and health problem.
• Lack of vegetation.
• Water problem.
• Climate problem.

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If you own a car or hope to own one, what conditions, if any, would encourage you to rely less on the automobile and to travel to school or work by bicycle, on foot, by mass transit, or by carpool
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The person should avoid car travel and travel with bicycle and by foot because it help to make healthy environment. The major advantage of bicycles is quiet and no populating, easy for making and burn to fossil fuel. The disadvantage of bicycle is providing little protection in an accident, no protection for bad weather. The use of bicycle is saving the consumption of fuel and protect environment.

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The chart below shows selected population data for two different countries. A and B. Study the chart and answer the questions that follow. img Calculate the rates of natural increase (due to birth and deaths, not counting immigration) for the populations of country A and country B. Based on these calculations and the data in the table, for each of the countries, suggest whether it is a more-developed country or a less-developed country and explain the reasons for your answers.
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Calculate the rate of natural increase for Country A.
img Calculate the rate of natural increase for Country B.
img Here, negative sign shows the decrease of population growth.
According to the data analysis the more developed country is B because development of country is depend upon the population and consumption of resource and in country B population has decrease but the country A population is increasing very fast.

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The chart below shows selected population data for two different countries. A and B. Study the chart and answer the questions that follow. img Describe where each of the two countries may be in terms of its stage in the demographic transition (Figure 6-11). Discuss factors that could hinder either country from progressing to later stages in the demographic transition.
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What is the key concept for this section List three factors that account for the rapid increase in the world's human population over the past 200 years. What are the world's three most populous countries About how many people are added to the world's population each year How many of us are likely to be on the planet in 2050 Define cultural carrying capacity. Summarize the debate over whether and how long the human population can keep growing.
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Some people believe the most important environmental goal is to sharply reduce the rate of population growth in less-developed countries, where at least 92% of the world's population growth is expected to take place between 2011 and 2050. Others argue that the most serious environmental problems stem from high levels of resource consumption per person in more-developed countries, which use 88% of the world's resources and have much larger ecological footprints per person (see Figure 1-8, p. 14) than do people in less-developed countries. What is your view on this issue Explain.
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What is the key concept for this section What is the age structure of a population Explain how age structure affects population growth and economic growth. Describe the American baby boom and some of its economic and social effects. Describe and compare the aging of the U. S. and Chinese populations. What are some problems related to rapid population decline due to an aging population How has the AIDS epidemic affected the age structure of some countries in Africa
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Describe population growth in the United States and explain why it is high compared to population growth in most other more-developed countries and in China ( Core Case Study ).
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What is the key concept for this section What is the demographic transition and what are its four stages What factors could hinder some less-developed countries from making this transition What is family planning Describe the roles of promoting economic development, elevating the status of women, and family planning in slowing population growth. Describe India's efforts to control its population growth.
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List nine factors that affect birth rates and fertility rates. Explain why there is a bride shortage in China. Define life expectancy and infant mortality rate and explain how they affect the population size of a country. Why does the United States have a lower life expectancy and higher infant mortality rate than a number of other more-developed countries What is migration Describe immigration into the United States and the benefits and issues it raises.
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What are the two key concepts for this section Distinguish between crude birth rate and crude death rate. List four variables that affect the population change of an area and write an equation showing how they are related. What is total fertility rate (TFR) How has the world's TFR changed since 1955 Discuss population growth and fertility rates in China.
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Do you believe that the population is too high in (a) China ( Core Case Study ), (b) the world, (c) your own country, and (d) the area where you live Explain.
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Experts have identified population growth as one of the major causes of the environmental problems we face (Figure 1-10, p. 16). The population of United States is growing faster than that of any of the world's other more-developed countries as well as that of China. However, this problem is rarely mentioned, and the U.S. government has no official policy to slow U.S. population growth. Why do think this is so Do you agree with this approach If not, list three things you would do to slow U.S. population growth.
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If you could greet a new person every second without taking a break, how many people could you greet in one day How many in a year How many in a lifetime of 80 years How long would you have to live to greet all 7 billion people on earth at a rate of one every second working around the clock
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Do you think that the problems resulting from China's one-child policy ( Core Case Study ) outweigh the problems of overpopulation that likely would have resulted without some sort of regulation of population growth in China Can you think of other ways in which China could try to regulate its population growth Explain. Should China do away with its one-child policy Explain.
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What is the key concept for this section List three trends in global urban growth. Describe four phases of urban growth in the United States. What is urban sprawl List five undesirable effects of urban sprawl. What are the four advantages of urbanization List six disadvantages of urbanization. Explain why most cities and urban areas are not sustainable. Describe some of the problems faced by the poor who live in urban areas. Summarize the urban problems of Mexico City, Mexico along with the city's efforts to deal with these problems.
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The chart below shows selected population data for two different countries. A and B. Study the chart and answer the questions that follow. img Explain how the percentages of people under 15 years of age in each country could affect its per capita and total ecological footprints.
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Research the status of China's one-child policy and answer the following questions: How is China changing its policy, if at all ( Core Case Study ) How are people responding to these changes Have there been any changes in the population trends in China in recent years How has the Chinese government's policy affected such changes, if at all
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CORE CASE STUDY Summarize the story of population growth in China and the Chinese government's efforts to regulate it( Core Case Study ).
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Identify a major local, national, or global environmental problem, and describe the role of population growth in this problem.
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