Quiz 11: Adolescence: Physical and Cognitive Development

Psychology

Puberty is the stage before the adolescence and the onset of the sexual maturity. This is characterized by the ability to reproduce. In the puberty stage development and growth spurt takes. Primary and secondary sexual characteristics develop like increase in the breast size in females and increase in the size of the testes in males. This is mainly due to the hormones that are released by the pituitary glands during puberty. In boys pituitary gland stimulates the testes to increase the production of testosterone that in turn increases the size of the male genitals. This testosterone is also responsible for triggering the development of acne that makes 75% to 90% worry. This is a problem for both girls and boys. Hence the blank can be filled with img .

Dropping out refers to leaving the school, college or university for necessary or unnecessary reason. This leads to the low grades in the academics, delinquency, criminal behavior and substance abuse. The main reasons for the dropping out are 1. Regular and excessive school absence 2. Reading below grade level 3. Early marriage Hence the options (b), (c), and (d) are not correct. This also occurs in low income and large urban areas but there is no risk for individuals living in rural areas. Hence the correct option is img .

Puberty is the stage before the adolescence and the onset of the sexual maturity. This is characterized by the ability to reproduce. In the puberty stage development and growth spurt takes. Primary and secondary sexual characteristics develop like increase in the breast size in females and increase in the size of the testes in males. This is mainly due to the hormones that are released by the pituitary glands during puberty. In girls the pituitary glands stimulates the ovaries to increase the production of estrogen that in turn increases the size of the bust. Another sign of puberty in girls is the menarche means menstruation that usually occurs in the age of 11 to 14. Estrogen levels vary in girls and regulate the menstrual cycle. Following the menstruation the shedding of endometrium takes place and the estrogen levels increases. After the ovum is released if it is not fertilized then again the estrogen levels increases leading to new menstrual cycle. Hence the blank can be filled with img .