HDEV 3

Psychology

Quiz 8 :

Early Childhood: Social and Emotional Development

Quiz 8 :

Early Childhood: Social and Emotional Development

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Self-definitions that refer to concrete external traits have been called the ____________ self.
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All of the following are listed as reasons that viewing violent media can contribute to aggressive behavior, except a. disinhibition of aggressive impulses. b. explaining that media violence is not real. c. priming of aggressive thoughts and memories. d. observational learning.
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________ behavior is also known as altruism.
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The children of ____________ parents tend to show self-reliance and independence, high self-esteem, high levels of activity and exploratory behavior, and social competence.
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When preschoolers are asked what they like about friends, they are most likely to report that a. they and their friends can share their inner­most thoughts. b. their friends are the people they can trust. c. they and their friends share toys and activities. d. their friends are of the same gender and eth­nic background.
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Baumrind found the sons of __________ parents to be hostile and defiant and the daughters to be low in independence and social dominance.
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According to Erikson, early childhood is the stage of ____________ versus guilt.
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Research shows that the hormone ____________ is connected with feelings of self-confidence, high activity levels, and aggressiveness.
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Which of the following are children in early child­hood least likely to fear a. lightning b. stinging and crawling insects c. strange people d. social disapproval
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Which of the following is part of the feminine gen­der role stereotype a. patient b. independent c. realistic d. disorderly
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Which of the following, according to Parten's types, is a form of nonsocial play a. cooperative play b. associative play c. onlooker play d. parallel play
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According to Piaget, the first type of play is ____________ play.
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Compared to later-born children, firstborn children are
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The classic study of aggression by Bandura and his colleagues (1963) showed people attacking a doll.
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Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between empathy and gender a. Girls show more empathy than boys do. b. Boys show more empathy than girls do. c. Girls and boys show equal amounts of empathy. d. The research literature on the subject is inconclusive.
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Anger and aggression in preschoolers usually cause other preschoolers to ____________ them.
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Children who are physically punished
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Research shows that children tend to distort their ____________ to conform to their gender schemas.
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Children first show visual preferences for stereotypical "boys' toys" or "girls' toys" a. before the first birthday. b. between the ages of 1 to 2 years. c. between the ages of 2 to 5 years. d. between the ages of 5 to 8 years.
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Children try on new roles through ____________ play.
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