Quiz 5: Infancy: Cognitive Development

Psychology

Jean Piaget is a Swiss biologist who worked on the mental development of infants. He examined the response of children to the world they are the way of thinking, logic and problem solving by a theory called the cognitive-developmental theory. In the theory of cognitive developmental theory he used the concepts such as adaptation, schemes, assimilation, accommodation and equilibrium. 1. Adaptation means to interaction and act of the organism to the environment. 2. Assimilation refers to the acquiring of knowledge by applying the new concepts to the existed ones. 3. Accommodation comes into existence if the new concept do not fix in the existing concept and creating a new concept. So the blank can be filled with img .

Jean Piaget is a Swiss biologist who worked on the mental development of infants. He examined the response of children to the world they are the way of thinking, logic and problem solving by a theory called the cognitive-developmental theory. This theory is divided into four stages called the 1. Sensorimotor 2. Pre-operational 3. Concrete operational 4. Formal operational Sensorimotor stage is seen in the first two years of cognitive development. In this the children respond to reflexes, ready-made schemes to goal oriented behavior. This is again divided into six sub stages and each stage the earlier one is repeated and coordinated. In this one of the sub stages is the secondary circular reactions seen in the four to eight months children that is characterized by the repetition of activity due to the effect of environment. Hence the option (a) is not correct. Tertiary circular reaction is the fourth stage of the sensorimotor reactions that takes place in the 12 to 18 months age. In this phage infants have a lot of trial and error fashion to learn new things. Hence the option (c) is not correct. The sixth and final sub stage is the invention of new means by mental combinations and not just by the plain trial and error. It is a bridge between the sensorimotor development and the symbolic thought. This takes place in 18 to 24 months age. Hence the option (d) is not correct. Coordination of secondary schemes is the fourth sub stage that occurs in the 8 to 12 months of age. This is a goal achieving stage as they behave in a manner to attain the specific goals. That means they are coordinating schemes to attain goals. Hence the correct option is img .

Jean Piaget is a Swiss biologist who worked on the mental development of infants. He examined the response of children to the world they are the way of thinking, logic and problem solving by a theory called the cognitive-developmental theory. This theory is divided into four stages called the 1. Sensorimotor 2. Pre-operational 3. Concrete operational 4. Formal operational Sensorimotor stage is seen in the first two years of cognitive development. In this the children respond to reflexes, ready-made schemes to goal oriented behavior. This is again divided into six sub stages and each stage the earlier one is repeated and coordinated. In this one of the sub stages is the secondary circular reactions seen in the four to eight months children that is characterized by the repetition of activity due to the effect of environment. Hence the blank can be filled with img .