Quiz 1: History, Theories, and Methods
Childhood is the most precious and innocent stage of the life. It is believed that an infant came into the world as a "tabula rasa" means a blank tablet or a clean slate that means no ego, selfishness, arrogance and a good or bad is not known to him. This great word of tabula rasa is given to the infants and for the childhood by an Englishman John Locke obtained from his experience. He gave that word basing on the belief that social approval and disapproval play an important role in the behavior of the child. So the blank can be filled with .
Sigmund Freud's gave a theory called the theory of psychosexual development for the child growth. This theory mainly focuses and explains that the child development is based on the emotional and social development. This theory includes three parts of personality the id, ego and superego and also five stages of development. 1. The oral 2. Anal 3. Phallic 4. Latency 5. Genital. Thus, the options (a), (c), and (d) are not correct. Oral is the first stage of life that involves sucking and biting brings them pleasure. Anal is the second stage of life that involves the obtaining of pleasure through the control and elimination of waste products. Phallic stage is the third and the most crucial stage in the psychosexual development. Latency is the fourth stage of psychosexual development in which the sexual feelings remain unconscious and genital is the fifth stage that starts with the puberty. Hence, the correct answer is .
Sigmund Freud's gave a theory called the theory of psychosexual development for the child growth. This theory mainly focuses and explains that the child development is based on the emotional and social development. This theory includes three parts of personality. 1. Id: This is an unconscious stage and is present at the birth. In this stage they get the instant pleasure of hunger, pain etc by crying as they don't have any sense at that age. 2. Ego: This happens at the middle infancy stage and is called the conscious stage. In this the children began to live self and get them satisfied without crying and screaming. 3. Superego: This is a long lived stage that develops in infancy and continues to the adult stage. It is the stage of wishes and morals of the caregivers. In this stage they have the sense of wrong and right and control the ego. So, the blank can be filled with .