Foundations of Nursing Study Set 1
Quiz 30 :
The Nurse in Home Health and Hospice
Home care is provided by the professional caregivers including a nurse, therapists or physician in the home of the client. Home care also includes the self-care and the care provided by the family members of the client. Home care includes the health promotion, treating illness, and disease prevention activities. In the nineteenth century, nursing care was provided by the charitable trusts to the sick people in their homes. Later, Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement House. The nurses used to go to many houses to spread awareness about the health promotion and disease prevention. After some years, health insurance plans were also included in the home nursing care. There was an improvement in the technical services provided. Various laws made by the government for improving the payment and facilities for the nurses providing the home nursing care. The nurses also provide the advice relevant to nutrition and hygiene to the people of the communities.
Home care is described as the supportive care, which is provided in the home of the patient. It includes the health promotion, treating illness, and disease prevention activities. Home care includes a nurse, therapists or physician at the home of the client. The self-care and the care provided by the family members of the client are also classified as the home care. There are various practice models of home nursing care. The population-focused home care model is designed to serve the needs of specific groups of people. The groups can be high-risk individuals, people with mental disorders, heart diseases or any other disorder. The transitional care model provides nursing services to people with high-risk health problems and is altering from one stage to another. The home-based primary care programs focus on delivering the primary services to the people at their home. These people may have difficulty in going to medical centers to receive the services. Home health agencies are the organizations, which provide medical services. These are categorized based on the administrative and organizational structures. The hospice care model offers medical, spiritual, and emotional support to terminally ill patients
Home care is also known as the domiciliary care, which is classified as the supportive care. It is provided by professional caregivers including a nurse, therapists or physician in the home of the client. Home care includes health promotion, treating illness and disease prevention activities. The home health nurses should be educated properly in order to tackle the high level of competency. The nurse should have a minimum of a baccalaureate degree to practice as a professional nurse. Home health nursing sometimes requires specialized nurses to provide complex nursing care. The nurses are provided with accreditation from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). The examinations conducted by the ANCC require a master' degree in public health or any other related nursing specialty. When a nurse matching the eligibility, takes the examination and passes, they are provided with credentials from the ANCC. The National Board of Hospice and Palliative Nurses provide certification in hospice and palliative care.