Quiz 25: Violence and Human Abuse

Nursing

The word violence came from the Latin word "violare" that means to violate injure or rape. Violence is a major health problem that affects emotionally and physically. Mortality and morbidity significantly increase violence. The definition of the violence is given as those non-accidental acts that lead to physical or psychological injuries to one or more than one person. There are many factors that work as supporting element or minimizing the violence. Three of these factors are as follows: 1. Work- Work can be fulfilling as well as frustrating for a person. A person often gets frustrated with jobs that are repetitive and boring. The highest rate of unemployment up to 50% in seeing in the United States and this population has the highest cases of violence. Poverty, unemployment, overcrowding and racism have increased the violence cases among African Americans and whites in the United States. 2. Education- The school teaches the students, discipline and gives the necessary developmental support they need. In large classrooms, the students those are shy and do not get attention, and often feel isolated. Parents very often punish the children for fighting or hitting another child. These actions boost violent tendencies in children. School violence is a secondary resultant of youth violence. School violence expresses in the form of bullying, slapping, punching and by the use of weapons. Classes can resolve these problems by the counseling of the students for peaceful conflict resolutions.

According to the U.S. department of health and the human services, administration for children as well as families, there is a great increase in the cases of children with physical and sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment in the year 2011. Among the reported cases girls sexual abuse cases are four times greater than the male child. Child abuse cases increases with increase in family stress during economic crunches. Children often feel abused when they see their parents frequently quarrelling with each other. Children easily get affected by the abuse due to their small age and they are helpless. The change in behavior can easily be identified by assessing the children. The risk factors that are helpful in predicting child abuse are as follows: 1. Unemployment of the parents. 2. Availability of the financial sources for child care. 3. Availability of supporting network for assistance. 4. Mothers fear of his partner. 5. Child suffers from recurrent injuries or frequent illness. There are several behavioral indicators of abuse and neglect. Children suffering from abuse sometimes have physical injuries, cuts, bruises, burns and broken bones. When the children are neglected passively, it is shown in the form of malnutrition. Stress caused by maltreatment may affect the child brain development and also nervous and immune system development. While being adult the child may get addicted to alcohol, substance abuse, eating disorders, obesity, smoking, suicide and some chronic diseases.

Child abuse is a matter of great concern these days. Child abuse is affects the brain development of the child. These abused children are at high risk of becoming an addicted youth. These youth are often alcoholic, suicidal, depressed or a culprit of drug abuse. The child abuse is categorized into four categories; namely, physical abuse, child neglect, emotional abuse and sexual abuse. Child neglect- Negligence is a failure to fulfill child basic needs. These needs may be housing, food, clothing, and education. These children feel neglected. Physical abuse- Physical neglect is associated with poverty. It is considered as failure to provide inadequate food, clothing and other necessities. Medical and hygiene negligence also comes under this category. Emotional abuse- An emotionally abused child feels inadequate, uncared and worthless. These victims often hide their feelings and become introvert. They perform poorly in schools, become truant, and aggressive. These suffered children may become domestically violent, depressed, or substance abused. Sexual abuse- Sexual abuse also comes under child abuse category. Female child sexual abuse cases are four times greater than the male child sexual abuse. Any of the closely related people may be sexual abuser. The person could be in school and in the home itself.

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