Foundations of Nursing Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 25 :

Violence and Human Abuse

Quiz 25 :

Violence and Human Abuse

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Identify common predictors of potential child abuse and indicators of its presence.
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According to the U.S. department of health and the human services, administration for children as well as families, there is a great increase in the cases of children with physical and sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment in the year 2011. Among the reported cases girls sexual abuse cases are four times greater than the male child.
Child abuse cases increases with increase in family stress during economic crunches. Children often feel abused when they see their parents frequently quarrelling with each other. Children easily get affected by the abuse due to their small age and they are helpless.
The change in behavior can easily be identified by assessing the children. The risk factors that are helpful in predicting child abuse are as follows:
1. Unemployment of the parents.
2. Availability of the financial sources for child care.
3. Availability of supporting network for assistance.
4. Mothers fear of his partner.
5. Child suffers from recurrent injuries or frequent illness.
There are several behavioral indicators of abuse and neglect. Children suffering from abuse sometimes have physical injuries, cuts, bruises, burns and broken bones. When the children are neglected passively, it is shown in the form of malnutrition.
Stress caused by maltreatment may affect the child brain development and also nervous and immune system development. While being adult the child may get addicted to alcohol, substance abuse, eating disorders, obesity, smoking, suicide and some chronic diseases.

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Discuss the scope of the problem of violence in American communities, and describe at least three factors in most communities that encourage violence and human abuse.
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The word violence came from the Latin word "violare" that means to violate injure or rape. Violence is a major health problem that affects emotionally and physically. Mortality and morbidity significantly increase violence. The definition of the violence is given as those non-accidental acts that lead to physical or psychological injuries to one or more than one person.
There are many factors that work as supporting element or minimizing the violence. Three of these factors are as follows:
1. Work- Work can be fulfilling as well as frustrating for a person. A person often gets frustrated with jobs that are repetitive and boring. The highest rate of unemployment up to 50% in seeing in the United States and this population has the highest cases of violence. Poverty, unemployment, overcrowding and racism have increased the violence cases among African Americans and whites in the United States.
2. Education- The school teaches the students, discipline and gives the necessary developmental support they need. In large classrooms, the students those are shy and do not get attention, and often feel isolated. Parents very often punish the children for fighting or hitting another child. These actions boost violent tendencies in children.
School violence is a secondary resultant of youth violence. School violence expresses in the form of bullying, slapping, punching and by the use of weapons. Classes can resolve these problems by the counseling of the students for peaceful conflict resolutions.

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Discuss the dynamics and signs of female abuse by male partners.
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Most common victims of partner abuse are women. The definition of intimate partner violence is threatening, attempting, abusing physically, sexually or emotionally by an intimate partner. Abused women show more physical problems like chronic pain, neurological problems, sleeping problems, gynecological problems, and urinary tract infections.
The women handle the situation in a sequential manner. Women always ignore such type of abuses. They often try to change their behaviors as they feel that it is their responsibility for the relationship success. They blame themselves for provoking their spouse. They try to hide the violence. Some fear for the survival and financial security of their children. The women who blame themselves are of low self-esteem and depressed.
Women victims are those suffering with partner abuse problem often have bruises and signs on the face, head, and other body parts. Attacks are commonly attempted on breasts, abdomen, upper thighs and backs.
The types of physical form of abuse involve hitting, kicking, punching, slapping, strangling, shaking, burning, freezing, pushing, tripping, scratching, cutting, biting, pinching, throwing things, and hiding the medicines.

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Define the four general types of child abuse: neglect, physical, emotional, and sexual.
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Describe the growing community health problem of elder abuse.
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Analyze the nursing role in working with survivors of violence.
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Discuss forensic nursing and its relationship to public health nursing.
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