Quiz 23: Poverty, Homelessness, Mental Illness, and Teen Pregnancy


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Poverty can be defined as the state of insufficiency of money or materialistic possessions. It is affected by various social, economic, and political factors. The inability to get the basic needs, including food, shelter and clothes is defined as absolute poverty. In the United States (US), there are many factors, which lead to increasing poverty. It includes the lowered incomes of people, and the increasing unemployment. The changes in the retirement benefits also lead to increased number of poor people. The increase in the number of female governed households has also led to an increase in the poverty rate. The alterations in the labor force, and increasing children to mother ratio also contribute to the increased poverty issues. The major cause of unemployment is the lack of adequate education and skilled people. The less number of antipoverty programs and awareness projects also play a vital role in the cause.

Poverty is generally defined as the state of dearth of money or materialistic possessions. Poverty leads to poor health habits. It may lead to various chronic and acute diseases. Continued poverty can lead to more complex health problems. These factors lead to shorter life expectancy amongst the poor. The poor are unable to make use of the health facilities provided. Poverty majorly affects the children and women. Women living in poor conditions have very low standards of sanitation and cleanliness. The diseases such as ulcers, asthma, and anemia are common amongst the women of all ages. Poor pregnant women receive a very low level of pre-natal and post natal care. The children in the poorest households have higher chances of premature births and mortality rates. They may also have iron and other nutritional deficiencies. Poverty also has an effect on communities. Such places have higher crime level, alcohol and drug abuse.

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