Quiz 20: Health Risks Across the Life Span


Children are the future of any country. Their health has a significant effect on the nation's development. Adolescents share the same importance for community with children. Health of both is important and precious. Major health problems of children are as follows: 1. Obesity- Studies show that almost one in five children older than 5 years of age are obese. Many factors like genetics, eating habits, physical activity patterns, and computer games are responsible for this major health problem. 2. Injuries and accidents- It is the most common cause of diseases and disability within children. Such type of disease is preventable, but injury contributes to higher rates of child death in the United States. 3. Behavioral and mental health problems- These are common for both children and adolescents. This may involve hyperactivity, substance abuse, sleep disorders, bipolar disorders, autism, anxiety problems, and depression. Major health problems of adolescents are as follows: 1. Behavioral and mental health problems- This includes hyperactivity disorders, substance abuse, sleep disorders, anxiety, autism, depression, and bipolar disorders. 2. Injuries - Mainly motor related injuries and violence are the leading cause of death cases within adolescents. Violent youth are at high risk for substance abuse and suicidal cases. Sports injuries are also responsible for physical problems within adolescents.

Children and adolescents are the significant part of the population. Their health is an important factor in the development of any community as they are considered as the future of the community. Nurses play a major role in the promotion of the health care means for the members of a community. Nurses are at a unique position by virtue of their education. Nurses should create a trusting and caring relationship with the children, adolescents and with their family members as well in order to implement the health care plan. The nursing measures for the promotion of adolescent and child health within a community are given as follows: 1. Nurses should describe the healthcare strategies in a simple way to the patients and their families. They should educate them about the healthy measures to prevent diseases and their progression. 2. Nurses should try to identify the needs of children and adolescents. 3. Nurses can develop innovative primary health care strategies within the community to promote child and adolescent health in order to prevent the health related problems. 4. Nurses can advocate for and support of health legislation policies in order to support the physical, mental, and social well-being of adults in the community. 5. Nurses should try to implement new health care plans, strategies, and measures to promote child and adolescent health within a society.

Some health problems directly depend on the sex of the individual. Several studies also proved that there is a sex-based difference in the occurrence of some diseases like hypertension, and stroke. Men are at high risk for various health problems as compared to the women and vice-versa. The risk factors for adults, those are different for men and women are briefly described as follows 1. Hypertension: High blood pressure leads to several additional health problems like heart attack, stroke, and kidney damage. The level of this risk factor is different in men and women as the percentage of women suffering from hypertension is more than that of the men. 2. Stroke: About 1 in 18 deaths is reported to be caused due to the stroke. Women are more likely to die from stoke as compared to the men. 3. Mental illness: Both men and women suffer from depression and from the pressure of mental illness, but women suffer anxiety and depression more than the men. Hence, the high numbers of mental illness cases are seen in women than men. 4. Anorexia and bulimia: These are classified as the common eating disorders. Anorexia is the fear of gaining weight while in bulimia one is found concerned with the body shape along with the body weight. This is most commonly seen in women in comparison to the men.

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