Certain groups of our society need special health care and these types of special persons were also more prone towards risk factors. These types of groups become a priority for healthcare professionals.
Risk factors for persons having special health needs are as follows:
1. Persons suffering from psychiatric disorders have increased risk for multiple incarcerations.
2. Incarcerated adults were at high risk of taking part in crimes and become violent.
3. Lesbian and gay adults are at high risk for psychological problems, substance abuse, cigarette smoking, and poor health status.
4. Older age people were at increased risk for disability.
5. Adults with disabilities may be at a high risk for obesity.
6. Elderly abuse persons were at increased risk for injury, mental problems, and fear.
Various types of models and programs are present within our society to provide health care needs for adults in the community. Nurses have been assigned a special role for providing the health care means to reduce the risk for adults in the community.
The nursing measures designed for reducing the risk for adults in the community are described as follows:
1. Nurses can provide health care services to the adult patients in senior centers present in the society.
2. Nurses provide support to caregivers. This facility is provided by the senior centers and in this way the nurse can help caregivers as well.
3. Nurses can also help in home health by providing environmental assessments, direct skilled care, and treatment. Nurses can provide short-term health-related guidance and instructions. They can work with family and caregivers to provide essential communication and care.
4. Nurses can provide medication review, health and disease related knowledge to the adults in the community. They can also make them understand the concepts, education related to health care and assisted living.
5. Nurses can provide long-term health care for the adults to improve their health and to enhance their knowledge about the health care and related procedures.
Children are the future of any country. Their health has a significant effect on the nation's development. Adolescents share the same importance for community with children. Health of both is important and precious.
Major health problems of children are as follows:
1. Obesity- Studies show that almost one in five children older than 5 years of age are obese. Many factors like genetics, eating habits, physical activity patterns, and computer games are responsible for this major health problem.
2. Injuries and accidents- It is the most common cause of diseases and disability within children. Such type of disease is preventable, but injury contributes to higher rates of child death in the United States.
3. Behavioral and mental health problems- These are common for both children and adolescents. This may involve hyperactivity, substance abuse, sleep disorders, bipolar disorders, autism, anxiety problems, and depression.
Major health problems of adolescents are as follows:
1. Behavioral and mental health problems- This includes hyperactivity disorders, substance abuse, sleep disorders, anxiety, autism, depression, and bipolar disorders.
2. Injuries - Mainly motor related injuries and violence are the leading cause of death cases within adolescents. Violent youth are at high risk for substance abuse and suicidal cases. Sports injuries are also responsible for physical problems within adolescents.