Foundations of Nursing Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 19 :

Family Health Risks

Quiz 19 :

Family Health Risks

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Explain the application of the nursing process (assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation) to reducing family health risks and promoting family health.
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A family is generally defined as a group of people who depend on each other emotionally, physically or financially. Family health is an important part of community health and individual health.
The family nursing process has several elements. The assessment of the family health deals with the identification of the health demands of the family. It is often done by paying a home visit. The nurse then diagnoses the existing and the potential problems in the family client.
In the planning phase, the nurse suggests the potential interventions. The nurse develops appropriate strategies to achieve the set goals of health care. The interventions are then implemented to the family. The nurse also provides teachings and spreads awareness. This phase also include the research and literature work done by the nurses.
The evaluation phase is marked by paying home visits again. The results are documented properly. The observations are then compared to the measurements made during the initial home visits.

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Determine the major risks to family health.
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A group of related individuals, who often live together, constitutes a family. Due to fast pace of life, in recent years, many families have more than one working adult. The fast life is concerned with the issues of eating and lifestyle habits. These changes result in development of various acute and chronic disorders.
There are many common family disorders. These include Alzheimer's disease, respiratory disorders, arthritis, cognitive disorders, heart disease, psychological disorder, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and many more.
One of the major factors causing family health risk is the inheritance. Many diseases are clearly heritable. These diseases cause a mutation in the genetic makeup of an individual passing from one generation to another.
The other common factors involving health risk is the lifestyle habits and the environment. The eating and sleeping habits play a vital role in the development of many diseases. The environment in which the people live in like hygienic conditions, climatic conditions favorable to microorganisms may also affect the health of an individual to large extent.

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Explain the relevance of knowledge about family structures, roles, and functions for family and community-focused nursing.
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A family is defined as a group of related people, often living together in the same house. In the recent years, the pace of life has changed. Life has become much faster. To cater the increasing demands of a family, more than one adult is working. The health of an individual is related to the family health.
The relevant knowledge about the structure, role and function of a family can help in nursing of family and the community. The family structure can help to understand the barriers and supports with respect to a particular family. This would in turn help in achieving of family health goals and finally ensuring community health step by step.
Role of members of a family can also help in nursing of family and a community. The role of different individuals in the family gives a brief idea about who is in authority, who are more prone to diseases and who are reluctant towards getting their health issues reported.
Further, the functions of family like nurturing of children, its activeness in the health promotion activities and others may impart significant changes to the health status of a family or society. For example, the desire of family to protect health may reduce the probability of illness in the individuals and can also influence other families of the society.
The family environment plays an important part in determining the family health attributes. In order to study the risk factors associated with the health of a family and to reduce the same, it is very important to study the structure and the functioning of the family.

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Analyze the various approaches to defining and conceptualizing family health.
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Understand the interrelationships among individual health, family health, and community health.
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The six members of the Mitchell family are Mr. Mitchell, Mrs. Mitchell, 18-year-old Annie, 15-year-old Michelle, 13-year-old Sean, and 7-year-old Bobby. Mr. Mitchell has been the pastor of Faith Baptist Church for the last 15 years. Mrs. Mitchell is a homemaker and primary caretaker for the children. For the past year, Mrs. Mitchell has felt tired and "run down." At her annual physical, she describes her symptoms to her physician. After several tests, Mrs. Mitchell is diagnosed with stomach cancer. She starts to cry and says, "How will I tell my family " Mrs. Mitchell's primary physician refers the family to Trisha Farewell, a nurse in community health. Ms. Farewell calls the household and speaks with Mrs. Mitchell. Ms. Farewell tells Mrs. Mitchell that she was referred by the physician and she can help Mrs. Mitchell cope with the diagnosis. Mrs. Mitchell confides in Ms. Farewell that it has been 2 weeks since she received the diagnosis but she has yet to tell her husband and children. Mrs. Mitchell asks Ms. Farewell if she can help her tell her family and explain what it all means. Ms. Farewell makes an appointment to go to the Mitchell household and facilitate the family meeting. As seen in this case, the nurse often can help a family talk about a difficult subject and help the family examine ways in which they will cope with the difficulty.
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Discuss the implications of policy and policy decisions, at all government levels, on families.
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