Foundations of Nursing Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 14 :

Disaster Management

Quiz 14 :

Disaster Management

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Identify how community groups and other organizations such as the American Red Cross can work together to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters.
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A disaster is a calamity which leads to serious negative implications on the working of a community or a society. It has serious economic, environmental and human impacts. The process of disaster management has four basic steps. It includes the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.
A disaster relief organization is the one which prepare and educate the people about the implications of some common hazards. They also spread awareness about the preparedness steps for the disasters. They educate people about the early response and later recovery from a particular disaster.
The American Red Cross is the most renowned non-governmental organization which undertakes the disaster relief tasks and activities. They educate and spread awareness about the prevention and preparedness of disasters. They provide emergency supplies in the time of disaster. They also help in long-term recovery.
Some other organizations which provide disaster relief are The Adventist Community Services (ACS), The Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team (AMURT), The Catholic Charities USA Disaster Response, The Christian Disaster Response (CDR), The Friends Disaster Service (FDS) and many others. They provide drills and exercises related to disaster management along with the other services.

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Describe the disaster management phases of prevent, preparedness, response, and recovery and explain the nurse's role in each phase.
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A disaster is a calamity either natural or human made. It leads to serious negative implications on the working of a community or a society. It disrupts the ability of a community to use its resources to full extent. It results in disease outbreaks as well.
The process of disaster management includes four basic steps. They are prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. Nurses have a prominent role in the management of disasters. Prevention or mitigation deals with the activities which lead to complete awareness amongst the people of a community regarding the disasters.
The nurses provide education and spread awareness, organize and participate in educating the people of the community. A nurse can be involved in the preparedness for a disaster by collecting the important medical equipment, medicines and some money and keeping them accessible in the time of disaster.
Primary response to a disaster is to manage the sanitation of the community. This leads to widespread diseases and injuries. A nurse should be ready to provide the primary response to all the individuals in the community. The long-term recovery includes the physical and psychological treatment of the affected individuals by providing appropriate care.

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Discuss types of disasters, including natural and human-made.
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A disaster is a calamity either natural or human made. It leads to serious negative implications on the working of a community or a society. It has serious economic, environmental and human impacts. It disrupts the ability of a community to use its resources to full extent.
Natural disasters are the natural processes which result in the loss of life, health problems as well as damage to property, injury and harm to animals. It also results in socio-economic disruption and environmental damage.
It includes phenomena like earthquake, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tornadoes, tsunamis and cyclones. They kill a large number of people and other serious complications. These types of hazards are uncontrollable.
The disasters which are a result of technological processes which are instigated by humans are called as man-made disasters. These hazards include the emergencies by chemical spills or contamination of air or water. It also includes nuclear disasters and radiological emergencies.

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Describe the steps to take to initiate and maintain a disaster clinic.
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Evaluate the effects of disasters on people and their communities.
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