Quiz 2: The History of Public Health and Public and Community Health Nursing

Nursing

Public health services are the activities and the tasks which aim at improving the health status of the population of an entire community, state or a country. These services tend to educate the people of the community about health protection and promotion, disease prevention, and treatment options available. Various historical events have contributed in the development of public health services. This is related to the improvement in technology and knowledge. The need of maintaining proper hygiene conditions was very well recognized by the ancient Babylonians. They had some basic medical skills to provide the same. Various medical preparations were made by the Egyptians. Also, they were known to develop the public drainage systems. In the 17 th century, the Elizabethan Poor Law provided medical help to the poor people during the illness and injuries. The major improvement in the technology, communication and transportation, during the Industrial Revolution, led to major changes in the public health facilities. This period saw a great increase in the number of nursing women.

Public health services are the activities and the tasks which aim at improving the health status of the population of an entire community, state or a country. Various historical events have contributed in the development of public health services. This is related to the improvement in technology and knowledge. In the last century, many challenges were faced by professional nurses. A variety of nursing services were available as compared to the earlier times. There was an increase in the community and public health education about disease prevention and health promotion. Many services were setup, but they faced financial issues. An increase in the graduate and other degree nursing programs was observed. At present, a large number of nurses work in the public health services. Some have a public health population-based approach in preventing the illness and others work with the health-needs of the people in the community.

The tasks and activities which improve the health status of the population of an entire community, state or a country are public health services. These services tend to educate the people of the community about health protection and promotion, disease prevention, and treatment options available. Various historical events have contributed in the development of public health services. This is related to the improvement in technology and knowledge. Various medical preparations were made by the Egyptians. They also are known to develop the public drainage systems. In 17 th century, the Elizabethan Poor Law provided medical help to the poor people during the illness and injuries. The major improvement in the technology, communication and transportation during the Industrial Revolution led to major changes in the public health facilities. This period saw a great increase in the number of nursing women.

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