Quiz 2: Conditions for Rational Choice

Business

The generalization test suggests that the reasons behind every action must be consistent with the assumption that everybody having the same reason would be acting the same way. Now in the event of anyone making a certain promise, it is important to understand that he or she should make a promise only if it is possible to make the promise in the said circumstances, and that for the promise to be trustworthy, the person making the promise should be trustworthy, at least to the person to whom the promise is being made. However, as the proverb says, 'promises are made to be broken' if this is taken as an exaggeration, then anybody whosoever has made a promise, should not break it just because it can be broken. Because this defies the actual reason with which the promise was made, that is the rational justification behind any action (here that of making promises). Thus, it is clear that, not everybody would break a promise, just because it can be broken, and that brings in individuality to the actions, thus causing the generalization test to fail.

The generalization test suggests that the reasons behind every action must be consistent with the assumption that everybody having the same reason would be acting the same way. Now in the event of anyone lying, it is important to understand that he or she should lie only if it is expected to fulfil the purpose by lying in the said circumstances, and that for the lie to be trustworthy, the person lying should be trustworthy, at least to the person to whom lying has been done. However, anybody whosoever has lied, should not lie just because it is easy to do so and would give him/her a convenience. Because this defies the actual reason with which the lie was told, that is the rational justification behind any action (here, that of lying). Thus, it is clear that, not everybody would lie, just because it can be done for convenience and thus it imposes individuality to the actions, thus causing the generalization test to fail.

The generalization test suggests that the reasons behind every action must be consistent with the assumption that everybody having the same reason would be acting the same way. Now in the said circumstance wherein the ambulance driver is in a hurry to take his boss at the destination, and that it is essential to save him from being laid off, and when he is more pressurized because he got delayed having lunch and while taking rest, we are assuming that turning up the siren is legal just for the sake of argument. Hence the situation provides him with ample causes for justifying his actions. However, it is clear that what this driver has done is highly subjective. Having subjected under the same circumstances, it is evident that a different driver may not have adopted such a way, which is visibly unethical. However, it is an ethical dilemma because arguments in favor of the driver is that this action of him has not caused any harm to anybody but may save his job. Thus, it is clear that, not everybody would do the same, just because it can be done for convenience and thus it imposes individuality to the actions, thus causing the generalization test to fail.