International Economics Study Set 9

Business

Quiz 18 :

What Determines Exchange Rates

Quiz 18 :

What Determines Exchange Rates

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The following rates currently exist: Spot exchange rate: $1.000/euro. Annual interest rate oN180-day euro-denominated bonds: 3%. Annual interest rate oN180-day U.S. dollar-denominated bonds: 4%. Investors currently expect the spot exchange rate to be about $1.005/euro iN180 days. a. Show that uncovered interest parity holds (approximately) at these rates. b. What is likely to be the effect on the spot exchange rate if the interest rate oN180-day dollar-denominated bonds declines to 3 percent If the euro interest rate and the expected future spot rate are unchanged, and if uncovered interest parity is reestablished, what will the new current spot exchange rate be Has the dollar appreciated or depreciated
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a.The euro is expected to appreciate at an annual rate of approximately ((1.005 - 1.000)/1.000)•(360/180)•100 = 1%. The expected uncovered interest differential is approximately 3% + 1% - 4% = 0, so uncovered interest parity holds (approximately).
b.If the interest rate oN180-day dollar-denominated bonds declines to 3%, then the spot exchange rate is likely to increase-the euro will appreciate, the dollar depreciate. At the initial current spot exchange rate, the initial expected future spot exchange rate, and the initial euro interest rate, the expected uncovered interest differential shifts in favor of investing in euro-denominated bonds (the expected uncovered differential is now positive, 3% + 1% - 3% = 1%, favoring uncovered investment in euro-denominated bonds. The increased demand for euros in the spot exchange market tends to appreciate the euro. If the euro interest rate and the expected future spot exchange rate remain unchanged, then the current spot rate must change immediately to be $1.005/euro, to reestablish uncovered interest parity. When the current spot rate jumps to this value, the euro's exchange rate value is not expected to change in value subsequently during the nexT180 days. The dollar has depreciated immediately, and the uncovered differential then again is zero (3% + 0% - 3% = 0).

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You observe the following current rates: Spot exchange rate: $0.01/yen. Annual interest rate on 90-day U.S.-dollar-denominated bonds: 4%. Annual interest rate on 90-day yen-denominated bonds: 4%. a. If uncovered interest parity holds, what spot exchange rate do investors expect to exist in 90 days b. A close U.S. presidential election has just been decided. The candidate whom international investors view as the stronger and more probusiness person won. Because of this, investors expect the exchange rate to be $0.0095/yen in 90 days. What will happen in the foreign exchange market
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a.For uncovered interest parity to hold, investors must expect that the rate of change in the spot exchange-rate value of the yen equals the interest rate differential, which is zero. Investors must expect that the future spot value is the same as the current spot value, $0.01/yen.
b.If investors expect that the exchange rate will be $0.0095/yen, then they expect the yen to depreciate from its initial spot value during the next 90 days. Given the other rates, investors tend to shift their investments toward dollar-denominated investments. The extra supply of yen (and demand for dollars) in the spot exchange market results in a decrease in the current spot value of the yen (the dollar appreciates). The shift to expecting that the yen will depreciate (the dollar appreciate) sometime during the next 90 days tends to cause the yen to depreciate (the dollar to appreciate) immediately in the current spot market.

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Will the law of one price apply better to gold or to Big Macs Why
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Law of One Price indicates that a product which is easily and freely use for trading in a perfect competitive international market should have the similar price all around the world, once if the prices at different places are determined in terms of same currency which we called it as equilibrium international price. The law of one price proposes that the price (P) of the product measured in domestic currency will tied up to the price (P f ) that means the price product measured in terms foreign currency through the current spot exchange rate (e, Domestic currency/Foreign currency)
img And The law of one price works perfectly on traded commodities, at particular point of time or in other time, as long as governments permit freedom in trade in the commodity, which is traded highly commodities include gold, other metals, crude oil etc.
So, on the basis of above discussion we can state that the Law of One Price better apply to gold.

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According to PPP and the monetary approach, why did the nominal exchange rate value of the DM (relative to the dollar) rise between the early 1970s and the late 1990s Why did the nominal exchange rate value of the pound decline
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To aid in its efforts to get reelected, the current government of a country decides to increase the growth rate of the domestic money supply by two percentage points. The increased growth rate becomes "permanent" because once started it is difficult to reverse. a. According to the monetary approach, how will this affect the long-run trend for the exchange rate value of the country's currency b. Explain why the nominal exchange rate trend is affected, referring to PPP.
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Here is further information on the U.S. and Pugelovian economies. img a. What is the value of k for the United States iN1975 For Pugelovia b. Show that the change in price level from 1975 to 2008 for each country is consistent with the quantity theory of money with a constant k.
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A country has had a steady value for its floating exchange rate (stated inversely as the domestic currency price of foreign currency) for a number of years. The country now tightens up on (reduces) its money supply dramatically. The country's product price level is not immediately affected, but the price level gradually becomes lower (relative to what it otherwise would have been) during the next several years. a. Why might the market exchange rate change a lot as this monetary tightening is announced and implemented b. What is the path of the market exchange rate likely to be over the next several years Why
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