Quiz 14: Occupational Health and Safety 

Business

Employee wellness programs are designed to bring about several positive individual and organizational benefits. It needs to be seen as a strategic advantage as employees who feel and think better can lead to improved bottom line. a) Some of the key factors which are important predictors of successful wellness program are: Support from top Management : Wellness program must be supported by the leaders across different levels of the organization including CEO and other top management. Alignment with Company Purpose : The program should be aligned to the company's sense of purpose and future business plans. Excitement : The program should be focused on creating excitement among employees by using comprehensive and quality activities. Reasonable Cost: The programs should be made available to the employees at a reasonable cost and at easily accessible place at or near worksite. Partnership needs to be developed with internal external stakeholders to make the program a success. Communication: Program needs to be communicated to the target participants with appropriate message which can motivate them to utilize it to the optimum. And focus should be on getting a wider reach. Thus, a program which includes these factors increases the chances of its success in the organization to achieve its goals from the program. b) The type of activities that the companies should include in a wellness initiative to increase employee participation is listed below: • Some companies include yoga training sessions in the office premises in an attempt to keep employees fit and healthy. Companies like Accenture, TCS, and Google are some of the organizations that actively encourage employees to participate in the wellness programs. • Some firms have an arrangement of indoor sports such as billiards, chess and offer perks like gym memberships, marathon reimbursement, nap room sand free fitness classes. • Some companies encourage employees to participate in Stress management and Medical Self-care Training programs to ensure that employees are proactive in the office premises. c) The success factors for wellness programs that are identified in the mentioned case as the most important and the factors that are least important are listed down. Most Important Success factors • The wellness programs that are provided by companies help to make employees healthy and which save firm's money through reduced medical cost. • The focus on a healthy work environment significantly decreases worker's compensation premiums, lost work time and other healthcare expenses. • Healthy and fit employees tend to exhibit higher levels of retention in companies that shown an interest in supporting positive lifestyles. Least Important Success factors • Some firms see wellness programs as an additional employee benefit than a tool for improving the workplace in the long run.

The compensation costs of the workers of an organization are considered as a major issue in almost all organizations. The main reason for this increase in the compensation cost is the medical and litigation expenses. So, the employers should be more careful while formulating the compensation plans primarily the health benefits. The management can monitor the actual cause of taking leaves and accidents that can happen in the organizations. This can help an organization to get rid of the fraudulent activities associated with the compensation of workers. Monitoring the workers compensation expenses should also be done periodically.

OSHA establishes specific standards to ensure the safety and well being of the employees within the organization. Some of the things that the employer should keep in mind during OSHA inspection are mentioned below. • Make sure that it has provided safe and healthy working conditions for the employees • Ensure that the safety and health standards are communicated to the employees • Confirm that the personal protective equipment is available in the organization and the employees are trained with its usage • Prepare a report on the working conditions of the organizations through conducting an internal audit