Answer:

Identify which of the given situations is inconsistent.

Incorrect option: Option (a)

and

The above situation is consistent.

Reason:

Here, the regression coefficient is

and the correlation coefficient is

which has same sign.

Incorrect option: Option (c)

and

The above situation is consistent.

Reason:

Here, the regression coefficient is

and the correlation coefficient is

which have same sign.

Incorrect option: Option (d)

and

The above situation is consistent.

Reason:

Here, the regression coefficient is

and the correlation coefficient is

which have same sign.

Correct option: Option (b):

and

The above situation is inconsistent.

Reason:

From the above equation, the regression coefficient is

and the correlation coefficient is

which have different sign.

Answer:

a.

Interpret the slope

of the regression equation.

The regression equation is,

Here,

= Earnings, in billions of dollars and

= GNP (gross national product), in billions of dollars.

From the regression equation, the slope

is

.

Interpretation:

The estimated earnings will increase by 0.06 billion of dollars as the GNP is increased by 1 billion of dollars. In other words, for each increase of 1 billion of dollars in the GNP increases the estimated earnings by 0.06 billion of dollars.

b.

Interpret the Y -intercept

of the regression equation.

From the above regression equation, the Y -intercept

is

.

Interpretation:

The estimated earnings will be 0.078 billion of dollars when the GNP is 0 billion of dollars.

Answer:

a.

Check whether or not there is a significant relationship between weekly advertising expenditures ( X ) and weekly sales ( Y ).

The hypotheses are given below:

Null hypothesis:

That is, there is no linear relationship between weekly advertising expenditures and weekly sales.

Alternative hypothesis:

That is, there is a linear relationship between weekly advertising expenditures and weekly sales.

Obtain the prediction equation by using the MINITAB.\

MINITAB procedure:

Step 1: Choose Stat Regression Regression.

Step 2: In the Response box , enter the Y variable as Sales from the box on the left.

Step 3: In the Predictors box , enter the X variable as Expend from the box on the left.

Step 4: Click OK.

MINITAB output:

From the above MINITAB output, the value of F -ratio is

and the corresponding p -value is

.

Conclusion:

Here,

is 0.002, which is lesser than any level of significance

.

Therefore, by the rejection rule, reject the null hypothesis

.

Thus, it can be concluded that there is an evidence to reject the null hypothesis

at any level of significance

.

Hence, there is a linear relationship between weekly advertising expenditures and weekly sales.

b.

State the prediction equation.

From the above MINITAB output, the prediction equation is

…… (1)

Here,

= Sales,

= Expenditure

c.

Forecast the sales for an advertising expenditure of $50.

Substitute

in equation (1)

Thus, the forecasted sales for an advertising expenditure of $50 is

.

d.

Obtain the percentage of the variation in sales can be explained with the prediction equation.

From the above MINITAB output, the coefficient of determination,

is 0.719. Thus,

of variation in sales can be explained with the prediction equation.

e.

Obtain the amount of unexplained variation.

From the above MINITAB output, the value of SSE is 36,121. Thus, the amount of unexplained variation is

.

f.

Obtain the amount of total variation.

From the above MINITAB output, the value of SST is 128,552. Thus, the amount of total variation is

.